This is ___. That is ___. That over there is ___.
2. それはアルバムです。(sore wa arubamu desu)—That is an album.
3. これは私のアルバムです。(kore wa watashi no arubamu desu)
—This is my album.
4. 素敵ですね。(suteki desu ne)— It is nice, isn’t it?
By adding "___ね(ne)" at the end of the sentence, you can make a sentence into a tag question "___, isn't it?" "___, aren't you?" or express the nuance of "Don't you think so?" "Right?" etc.
Additional Grammar & Phrases
雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk "Japanese School System 1"
Elementary School & Junior High school, Mandatory Education in Japan
In Japan, the new school year or in Japanese 新学期(shin gakki) starts in April, and typically, there are three terms in a year; 一学期(ichi gakki, the first term), 二学期(ni gakki, the second term), and 三学期(san gakki, the third term).
Between the first term and the second term, there is a summer break (夏休み, natsu yasumi) for a month and 10 days or so, between the second and the third terms, 冬休み(huyu yasumi, winter break) for approximately two weeks, and after the third terms, 春休み(haru yasumi, spring break) for approximately two weeks.
In Japan elementary school (小学校, shou gakkou) and junior high school (中学校, chuu gakkou) are mandatory and unless you go to an international school or a private school, the textbooks and curricula are standardized. That is, even if you change schools, you will likely be able to use the same textbooks as the ones from your previous school as far as the elementary school and the junior high schools are concerned.
For elementary school and junior high school, fees and textbooks are paid by the tax, and all the children have the right to attend school regardless of their financial situations. However, lunch is not paid by the tax, so you need to pay for the lunch by yourself.
Talking about lunch, Japanese school children eat lunch at school, typically in their classroom during the lunch hour. School lunch is prepared by the school lunch center called "給食センター(kyuushoku sentā)" and delivered to the school in aluminium containers. Once the containers are delivered to the school, the school children go to the lunch-pick-up room, pick up the containers, take them to their classroom, serve the lunch by themselves, and eat together.
Japanese school system by ages, grades, and institutions;
Age between 6 & 7 =小学校１年生(shougakkou ichi nensei)
Age between 7 & 8 =小学校２年生(shougakkou ni nensei)
Age between 8 & 9 =小学校３年生(shougakkou san nensei)
Age between 9 & 10 =小学校４年生(shougakkou yo nensei)
Age between 10 & 11=小学校５年生(shougakkou go nensei)
Age between 11 & 12=小学校６年生(shougakkou roku nensei)
Age between 12 & 13=中学校１年生(chuugakkou ichi nensei)
Age between 13 & 14=中学校２年生(chuugakkou ni nensei)
Age between 14 & 15=中学校３年生(chuugakkou san nensei)
After finishing the mandatory education, many children go to high school (3 years) and then, university (4 years). But after finishing the mandatory education, there are some other options. So let's talk about it some other time.
If you come to Japan, don't miss out on trying on Kimono, the traditional Japanese costume! The following site offers rental kimono and professional photo shooting service at a really low price. The site is available in English, Chinese, Korean, Russian, Thai, Malaysian, Vietnamese, Indonesian, French, Hindi, and Japanese.
During the high season, they can be easily booked up. So please make sure to book it ahead of time!
1. Please create at least two dialogues using the language structures that we have learnt in class so far. You can use the structures that we learnt in Lesson 1 if you would like to. We will check your answers during the next lesson.
2. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 10 Hiragana, Japanese phonetic scripts.
Hiragana [pronunciation] "keyboard"
さ [sa] "sa"
し [shi] "si" or "shi"
す [su] "su"
せ [se] "se"
そ [so] "so"
Hiragana [pronunciation] "keyboard"
た [ta] "aa"
ち [chi] "ti" or "chi"
つ [tsu] "tu" or "tsu"
て [te] "te"
と [to] "to"
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