Lesson 3 "Where is my suitcase!"

It is on / in / under / in front of / behind the box.


    1.OOどこですか?(OO wa doko desuka)---Where is/are OO?

    2. 携帯はそこです。(keitai wa soko desu.) — The mobile is there.
            ここ(koko)--here, そこ(soko)--there,
         あそこ(asoko)---over there, どこ(doko)---where

    3. 携帯はです。(keitai wa hako no naka desu.)
        — The mobile is in the box.
            箱の上(ue)--on /中(naka)--in /下(shita)--under 
            隣(tonari)next to /前(mae)--in front of /後ろ(ushiro)---behind


Additional Grammar & Phrases

    4今日はOOです。(kyou wa OO desu ne)—Today, it’s __, isn’t it?
vocabulary:
-cold---寒い(samui)
-hot---暑い(atsui)
-nice weather---良い天気(ii tenki)
-hot and humid---蒸し暑い(mushi atsui)
-rainy---雨(ame)

    5私は嬉しいです。(watashi wa ureshii desu)—I’m happy.

 

Explanation:

na-adjectives→without "na" + desu

e.g. 元気(genki-na)=fine, energetic

『私は元気です。(watashi wa genki desu)』

     (I am fine.)

 

i-adjectives→ i-adjective + desu

e.g. 嬉し(ureshi-i)=glad, pleased, happy

『私は嬉しいです。(watashi wa ureshi-i desu)』

 

     (I am pleased.)

 


    6-1 OOはご遠慮ください(OO wa goenryo kudasai)
     —Please refrain from OO.
    6-2 verb+はご遠慮ください(verb + nowa goenryo kudasai)
     —Please refrain from doing___.
    6-3 verb+はやめてください(verb + nowa yamete kudasai)
     —Please stop doing___.

Other Words & Phrases
-箱(hako)---box
-トイレ(toire)---restroom
-ホテル(hoteru)---hotel
-ドラッグストア(doraggu sutoa)---drug store
-スーパー(sūpā)---supermarket
-駅(eki)---train station
-交番(kouban)---police box
-暑い(atsui)---hot (when talking about the weather)
-寒い(samui)---cold (when talking about the weather)
-にぎやかな(nigiyakana)---lively, cheeful, talkative
-静かな(shizukana)---quiet
-嬉しい(ureshii)---glad
-悲しい(kanashii)---sad
-忙しい(isogashii)---busy
-元気な(genkina)---vigorous, full of energy, 
-お腹がいっぱいな(onaka ga ippaina)---full(when talking about hunger)

Lesson summery


雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk "TV in Japan"

 Japanese people like to watch TV a lot, and on average, according to some surveys, Japanese people spend 3 hours and a half watching TV every day. If we take a look at Asian countries as a whole, the average hours that people spend watching TV is 2 hours and 25 minutes. So the Japanese watch TV one hour longer than people in other Asian countries.

 These days, more and more people prefer to surf the Internet or watch YouTube videos. However, the traditional TV programmes are still very popular means of entertainment in Japan.

 In Japan, net TV, such as Netflix and Amazon Prime videos, is getting popular and popular these days, but the majority of us would, to say the least, have a way to see the traditional TV programs on waves called digital terrestrial(地上デジタル; chijou dejitaru). In order to see the programmes on digital terrestrial, you have to have the antenna/aerial for it or a cable subscription.  

 Surprisingly, well... at least to me it is surprising, there are usually only 7 to 10 channels available on digital terrestrial. I remember when I was growing up, almost all the kids at school were talking about the same TV shows that we watched in the previous evening.

 All the TV channels are sponsored by companies except two; NHK General TV (NHK総合テレビジョン; enu eichi kei sougou terebijon) and NHK Educational TV (NHK 教育テレビジョン; enu eichi kei kyouiku terebijon). NHK stands for Nippon Hoso Kyokai (日本放送協会) and its English name is Japan Broadcasting Corporation. As you might have guessed, they are Japan's national public broadcasting organization.

 The interesting thing is that if you have a system which allows you to watch TV, you are obliged to pay for the NHK TV broadcasting service whether you actually watch them or not. And they visit your home to ask to to pay for it. So if you come to Japan and live in an apartment, you might be visited by NHK's representatives; don't be surprised! 

 And if you don't have a TV set, you are not obliged to pay for it. So when you come to Japan and if you decide not to have a TV set, don't forget to tell them "Uchi wa terebi wa arimasen (we don't have TV)" when you are visited by the representative; you won't be billed to pay for NHK TV service.


Language Learning Tips!

 You can learn a foreign language a lot by watching TV. By watching TV, you can also learn the authentic language in contexts, so you remember better. The best of all, it's a fun, effective and enjoyable way to learn a foreign language! So if you want to improve your Japanese while watching Japanese TV shows, I highly recommend you the following Japanese net TV service. ↓

 It is one the most popular Japanese net TV services, and it has so many Japanese Anime, dramas, movies and more. They have a free trial campaign right now, and the site is also available in English (c.f. the screen shots below). So don't miss this opportunity!


Homework: 

1. Please create at least two dialogues using the language structures that we have learnt in class so far. You can use the structures that we learnt in previous lessons if you would like to. We will check your answers during the next lesson.

2. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 10 Hiragana, Japanese phonetic scripts. 

Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.


Hiragana [pronunciation] "keyboard"

な [na] "na"

に [ni] "ni"

ぬ [nu] "nu"

ね [ne] "ne"

の [no] "no"

Hiragana [pronunciation] "keyboard"

は [ha] "ha"

ひ [hi] "hi"

ふ [hu] "hu" or "fu"

へ [he] "he"

ほ [ho] "ho"



以下のことを守っていただければ、どなたでもお気軽にコメントを残していただけます。

Anyone can feel free to leave a comment as long as you;

 

1. 批判はしない。

do not criticize other people or other people's comments

2. 特定の個人やグループを非難・攻撃しない。

do not defame or attack a particular person or group of people

3. 語学学習に関係ないことは書かない。

do not leave comments which have nothing to do with language-learning

4. 個人を特定できる情報(メールアドレス、住所、電話番号など)は書かない。

do not write personal information such as e-mail addresses, home addresses, or telephone numbers.

コメント: 3
  • #3

    ジーナ (火曜日, 29 5月 2018 16:50)

    A: すみません。
      えきは どこですか?
    B: えきは あそこです。
    A: ええ? どこですか?
    B: こうばん の となり です。
    A: ああ、わかりました。
     ありがとう ございます。
    B: どういたしまして。

  • #2

    ジーナ (木曜日, 24 5月 2018 22:29)

    わかりません = I don’t know
    いえ= house
    しています= do
    いえ、そなことないですよ= that’s not true (?)
    むすこ= son
    もすめ= daughter
    はこ= box
    となり= by/ next to
    おしい = almost/ close
    おいしい = delicious
    リボン= ribbon

  • #1

    BW (月曜日, 14 5月 2018 15:21)

    ~すみません、駅はどこですか?
    ~駅はドラッグストア隣のあそこです。
    ~そか、ありがとうごさいます。
    ーー
    ~今日は何天気ですか
    ~今日は雨です。
    ーー
    ~すみません、電話をするのはやめてください。
    ~ごめんなさい。