It is on / in / under / in front of / behind the box.
Additional Grammar & Phrases
5. 私は嬉しいです。(watashi wa ureshii desu)—I’m happy.
na-adjectives→without "na" + desu
e.g. 元気な(genki-na)=fine, energetic
『私は元気です。(watashi wa genki desu)』
(I am fine.)
i-adjectives→ i-adjective + desu
e.g. 嬉しい(ureshi-i)=glad, pleased, happy
『私は嬉しいです。(watashi wa ureshi-i desu)』
(I am pleased.)
雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk "TV in Japan"
Japanese people like to watch TV a lot, and on average, according to some surveys, Japanese people spend 3 hours and a half watching TV every day. If we take a look at Asian countries as a whole, the average hours that people spend watching TV is 2 hours and 25 minutes. So the Japanese watch TV one hour longer than people in other Asian countries.
These days, more and more people prefer to surf the Internet or watch YouTube videos. However, the traditional TV programmes are still very popular means of entertainment in Japan.
In Japan, net TV, such as Netflix and Amazon Prime videos, is getting popular and popular these days, but the majority of us would, to say the least, have a way to see the traditional TV programs on waves called digital terrestrial(地上デジタル; chijou dejitaru). In order to see the programmes on digital terrestrial, you have to have the antenna/aerial for it or a cable subscription.
Surprisingly, well... at least to me it is surprising, there are usually only 7 to 10 channels available on digital terrestrial. I remember when I was growing up, almost all the kids at school were talking about the same TV shows that we watched in the previous evening.
All the TV channels are sponsored by companies except two; NHK General TV (NHK総合テレビジョン; enu eichi kei sougou terebijon) and NHK Educational TV (NHK 教育テレビジョン; enu eichi kei kyouiku terebijon). NHK stands for Nippon Hoso Kyokai (日本放送協会) and its English name is Japan Broadcasting Corporation. As you might have guessed, they are Japan's national public broadcasting organization.
The interesting thing is that if you have a system which allows you to watch TV, you are obliged to pay for the NHK TV broadcasting service whether you actually watch them or not. And they visit your home to ask to to pay for it. So if you come to Japan and live in an apartment, you might be visited by NHK's representatives; don't be surprised!
And if you don't have a TV set, you are not obliged to pay for it. So when you come to Japan and if you decide not to have a TV set, don't forget to tell them "Uchi wa terebi wa arimasen (we don't have TV)" when you are visited by the representative; you won't be billed to pay for NHK TV service.
Language Learning Tips!
You can learn a foreign language a lot by watching TV. By watching TV, you can also learn the authentic language in contexts, so you remember better. The best of all, it's a fun, effective and enjoyable way to learn a foreign language! So if you want to improve your Japanese while watching Japanese TV shows, I highly recommend you the following Japanese net TV service. ↓
It is one the most popular Japanese net TV services, and it has so many Japanese Anime, dramas, movies and more. They have a free trial campaign right now, and the site is also available in English (c.f. the screen shots below). So don't miss this opportunity!
1. Please create at least two dialogues using the language structures that we have learnt in class so far. You can use the structures that we learnt in previous lessons if you would like to. We will check your answers during the next lesson.
2. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 10 Hiragana, Japanese phonetic scripts.
Hiragana [pronunciation] "keyboard"
な [na] "na"
に [ni] "ni"
ぬ [nu] "nu"
ね [ne] "ne"
の [no] "no"
Hiragana [pronunciation] "keyboard"
は [ha] "ha"
ひ [hi] "hi"
ふ [hu] "hu" or "fu"
へ [he] "he"
ほ [ho] "ho"
Anyone can feel free to leave a comment as long as you;
do not criticize other people or other people's comments
do not defame or attack a particular person or group of people
do not leave comments which have nothing to do with language-learning
do not write personal information such as e-mail addresses, home addresses, or telephone numbers.