Lesson 5 "I watch TV for 5 hours every day."

Grammar Focus 1 : "this way," "that way" etc

    1. こちら/そちら/あちら/どちら(kochira/sochira/achira/dochira)
---this way/that way/there, that way/around where?
eg.  おトイレはこちらです。
      otoire wa kochira desu.
     — The restroom is this way.
Note: We use "こちら(kochira)" "そちら(sochira)" "あちら(achira)" and "どちら(dochira)" to talk about people as well.
eg. こちらは わたしの ともだちの みちこさん です。
     kochira wa watashi no tomodachi no michiko san desu.
    ---This is my friend, Michiko.

Grammar Focus 2 : "I/you/he/she/we... do ___."

"-masu" form of the verb

We often change the verb form from "the dictionary form (or infinitive form)" into "-masu form" to talk about habitual actions or the future.
    2私は毎日OOます(watashi wa mainichi “verb in -masu form”)
        ---I do ___ every day.
※ To make negative sentences (I don’t, you don’t, he doesn’t etc), change
-ます → -ません。
(-masu → -masen)

How to get "-ます(-masu) form" from the dictionary form:

-する(-suru) verbs


eg. 宿題をする→宿題をします

      shukudai o suru → shukudai o shimasu

     to do the homework → I/you/he/she... do the homework


Group 1 verbs

Take the last "u"out  and add "-imasu"

eg. タバコを吸→タバコを吸います

      tabako o suu → tabako o su-imasu

     to do the homework → I/you/he/she... do the homework


Group 2 verbs

Take the last "ru" out and add "-masu"

eg. テレビを見→テレビを見ます

      terebi o miru → terebi o mimasu

     to do the homework → I/you/he/she... do the homework


Irregular verb

来る → 来ます

kuru → kimasu

to come → I/you/he/she... come

Grammar Focus 3 : Chinese origin number


When to use the Chinese origin number:

We often use Chinese origin number in combination with counters. 
※Counters are similar words like in English "a piece of chocolate," "two pairs of shoes," "three cups of coffee" etc.
 One example use of Chinese origin number with a counter will be;
     "__時間(__ jikan) — for __ hours"
for 1 hour---いち じかん
for 2 hour---に じかん
for 3 hour---さん じかん
for 4 hour---よ じかん←exception
for 5 hour---ご じかん
for 6 hour---ろく じかん
for 7 hour---しち じかん
for 8 hour---はち じかん
for 9 hour---く じかん
for 10 hour---じゅう じかん

Grammar Focus 4 : "I do ___ for 3 hrs every day."

(watashi wa mainichi san jikan terebi o mimasu)
            — I watch TV for 3 hours every day.
every day=毎日(mainichi)

Additional Grammar & Phrases

         (kore wa zenbu watashi no gaikokugo no tekisuto desu)。
        —These are all my foreign language textbooks.

Lesson summery

Words & Phrases that we (might) have used during the lesson:
-5時間 (go jikan)--- for 5 hours
-毎日 (mainichi)---every day
-本当ですか?(hontou desu ka)—Really?
-to play games=ゲームをする(gēmu o suru)
-to go on a date=デートをする(dēto o suru)
-to play the piano=ピアノを弾く(piano o hiku)
-to smoke a cigarette=タバコを吸う(tabako o suu)
-to watch TV=テレビを見る(terebi o miru)
-to take a shower=シャワーを浴びる(shawā o abiru)
-to work overtime=残業(ざんぎょう)をする
-to do the laundry=洗濯(せんたく)をする
-to ditch one’s job=仕事(しごと)をサボる
-to spend some money=お金(かね)を使(つか)う
-to count numbers=数(かず)を数(かぞ)える
-to vacuum=掃除機(そうじき)をかける

雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk "Japanese Bathroom & Bathing Custom"

 Last time, we talked about monkeys in hot springs. So today, let's talk about bathrooms in Japan.

 When I started learning English, I was surprised to find out that the English word "bathroom" can be two completely different things in Japanese; トイレ(toire) and お風呂(o huro).

 Japanese people do "number one" and "number two" in a place called "トイレ(toire)" and take a shower and a bath called "お風呂(o huro)" or "お風呂場(o huro ba)," and they are usually two different sections of a house.

 So here are photos of the トイレ(toire) in my house. We have two; one on the first floor and another one on the second floor.

The one on the first floor:

The one on the second floor:

 As you can see, there is no place to take a shower in the トイレ(toire). They are usually purely for "number one" and "number two."

 And here are some pictures of our お風呂(o huro). In many cases, Japanese お風呂 are sectioned into two two areas; お風呂場(o huro ba), bathing area, and 脱衣所(datsuijo), undressing corner.

My お風呂場, bathing area:

My 脱衣所, undressing corner

 Since in many families, we usually do not throw the water in the bathtub away until after everybody finishes taking a bath, we usually take a shower outside the bathtub to wash our body and hair. And then take a bath. So that means that inside the bathing area, we have a place for you to take a shower, and a bathtub.

 So if you come to Japan and stay with a Japanese family, this is very important; 

First, take a shower and wash yourself outside the tub.

Then, take a bath.

When getting out of the tub, do NOT drain the bath water.

Finally, put the lid on the bathtub↓

 Oh, and don't forget to put your clothes before you come out of the bathroom.


Language-Learning Tips:

 You might have already heard, but reading books is one of the most powerful and effective ways to learn a foreign language, and manga is no exception to it, or it's probably even better; you can learn authentic words and phrases in contexts, with pictures, and it's fun! 

 So I strongly encourage everyone who study Japanese to read a lot of manga if you want to be a fluent Japanese speaker. So here is one of the Japanese biggest ebook sites. It's got a huge collection of manga! Good for brushing up your Japanese! Right now, they have a 5,000 point offer campaign (5,000 yen or about US$50.00 value), so don't miss this opportunity. Check it out!↓

イーブックイニシアティブジャパン eBookJapan


1. Please write five activities that you do on a daily basis using "-masu" form of the verb and five activities that you usually don't using the negative form, "-masen." If you don't know how to say certain expressions in Japanese, please use a dictionary to look up the words. Don't be afraid of making mistakes. I mean I make mistakes all the time (^_^). We will check your answers during the next lesson.

2. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 8 Hiragana, Japanese phonetic scripts. 

Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.

Hiragana [pronunciation] "keyboard"

ら [ra] "ra"

り [ri] "ri"

る [ru] "ru"

れ [re] "re"

ろ [ro] "ro"

Hiragana [pronunciation] "keyboard"

わ [wa] "wa"


を [o] "wo" 


ん [n, ng, m] "nn"


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