Lesson 5 "I watch TV for 5 hours every day."

Grammar Focus 1 : "this way," "that way" etc


    1. こちら/そちら/あちら/どちら(kochira/sochira/achira/dochira)
---this way/that way/there, that way/around where?
eg.  おトイレはこちらです。
      otoire wa kochira desu.
     — The restroom is this way.
Note: We use "こちら(kochira)" "そちら(sochira)" "あちら(achira)" and "どちら(dochira)" to talk about people as well.
eg. こちらは わたしの ともだちの みちこさん です。
     kochira wa watashi no tomodachi no michiko san desu.
    ---This is my friend, Michiko.

Grammar Focus 2 : "I/you/he/she/we... do ___."

"-masu" form of the verb

We often change the verb form from "the dictionary form (or infinitive form)" into "-masu form" to talk about habitual actions or the future.
 
    2私は毎日OOます(watashi wa mainichi “verb in -masu form”)
        ---I do ___ every day.
※ To make negative sentences (I don’t, you don’t, he doesn’t etc), change
-ます → -ません。
(-masu → -masen)

How to get "-ます(-masu) form" from the dictionary form:

-する(-suru) verbs

『-する(-suru)』becomes『-します(-shimasu)』

eg. 宿題をする→宿題をします

      shukudai o suru → shukudai o shimasu

     to do the homework → I/you/he/she... do the homework

 

Group 1 verbs

Take the last "u"out  and add "-imasu"

eg. タバコを吸→タバコを吸います

      tabako o suu → tabako o su-imasu

     to do the homework → I/you/he/she... do the homework

 

Group 2 verbs

Take the last "ru" out and add "-masu"

eg. テレビを見→テレビを見ます

      terebi o miru → terebi o mimasu

     to do the homework → I/you/he/she... do the homework

 

Irregular verb

来る → 来ます

kuru → kimasu

to come → I/you/he/she... come


Grammar Focus 3 : Chinese origin number

     1-ichi
     2-ni
     3-san
     4-shi/yon
     5-go
     6-roku
     7-shichi/nana
     8-hachi
     9-ku/kyuu
     10-juu

When to use the Chinese origin number:

We often use Chinese origin number in combination with counters. 
※Counters are similar words like in English "a piece of chocolate," "two pairs of shoes," "three cups of coffee" etc.
 One example use of Chinese origin number with a counter will be;
     "__時間(__ jikan) — for __ hours"
for 1 hour---いち じかん
for 2 hour---に じかん
for 3 hour---さん じかん
for 4 hour---よ じかん←exception
for 5 hour---ご じかん
for 6 hour---ろく じかん
for 7 hour---しち じかん
for 8 hour---はち じかん
for 9 hour---く じかん
for 10 hour---じゅう じかん

Grammar Focus 4 : "I do ___ for 3 hrs every day."

私は毎日3時間テレビを見ます。
(watashi wa mainichi san jikan terebi o mimasu)
            — I watch TV for 3 hours every day.
 
vocab:
every day=毎日(mainichi)


Additional Grammar & Phrases

    4これは全部私の外国語のテキストです
         (kore wa zenbu watashi no gaikokugo no tekisuto desu)。
        —These are all my foreign language textbooks.


Other Words & Phrases
-5時間 (go jikan)--- for 5 hours
-毎日 (mainichi)---every day
-本当ですか?(hontou desu ka)—Really?
-to play games=ゲームをする(gēmu o suru)
-to go on a date=デートをする(dēto o suru)
-to play the piano=ピアノを弾く(piano o hiku)
-to smoke a cigarette=タバコを吸う(tabako o suu)
-to watch TV=テレビを見る(terebi o miru)
-to take a shower=シャワーを浴びる(shawā o abiru)
-to work overtime=残業(ざんぎょう)をする
-to do the laundry=洗濯(せんたく)をする
-to ditch one’s job=仕事(しごと)をサボる
-to spend some money=お金(かね)を使(つか)う
-to count numbers=数(かず)を数(かぞ)える
-to vacuum=掃除機(そうじき)をかける


Lesson summery


Homework: 

Please write five activities that you do on a daily basis using "-masu" form of the verb and five activities that you usually don't using the negative form, "-masen." If you don't know how to say certain expressions in Japanese, please use a dictionary to look up the words. Don't be afraid of making mistakes. I mean I make mistakes all the time (^_^). We will check your answers during the next lesson.


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