Lesson 5 "I watch TV for 5 hours every day."

Grammar Focus 1 : "this way," "that way" etc


    1. こちら/そちら/あちら/どちら(kochira/sochira/achira/dochira)
---this way/that way/there, that way/around where?
eg.  おトイレはこちらです。(otoire wa kochira desu.)
     — The restroom is this way.
Note: We use "こちら(kochira)" "そちら(sochira)" "あちら(achira)" and "どちら(dochira)" to talk about people as well.
eg. こちらは わたしの ともだちの みちこさん です。
     kochira wa watashi no tomodachi no michiko san desu.
    ---This is my friend, Michiko.

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

Q1. Excuse me. Where is Hotel Mitch approximately located? 

 →すみません。ミッチホテルはどちらですか?

Q2. Hotel Mitch is this way. 

 →ミッチホテルはこちらです。

Q3. Excuse me. Who is this? (Talking on the phone.)

 →すみません。そちらはどちら様ですか?

Q4. The exit is over there.

 →出口はあちらです。

For rōmaji or hiragana, please use the online tool "RōmajiDesu." The link is here, the second one from the top of the right column. It's very useful.→



Grammar Focus 2 : "I/you/he/she/we... do ___."

"-masu" form of the verb

We often change the verb form from "the dictionary form (or infinitive form)" into "-masu form" to talk about habitual actions or the future.
 
    2私は毎日OOます(watashi wa mainichi “verb in -masu form”)
        ---I do ___ every day.
※ To make negative sentences (I don’t, you don’t, he doesn’t etc), change
-ます → -ません。
(-masu → -masen)

How to get "-ます(-masu) form" from the dictionary form:

-する(-suru) verbs

『-する(-suru)』becomes『-します(-shimasu)』

eg. 宿題をする→宿題をします

      shukudai o suru → shukudai o shimasu

     to do the homework → I/you/he/she... do the homework

 

Group 1 verbs

Take the last "u"out  and add "-imasu"

eg. タバコを吸→タバコを吸います

      tabako o suu → tabako o su-imasu

     to do the homework → I/you/he/she... do the homework

 

Group 2 verbs

Take the last "ru" out and add "-masu"

eg. テレビを見→テレビを見ます

      terebi o miru → terebi o mimasu

     to do the homework → I/you/he/she... do the homework

 

Irregular verb

来る → 来ます

kuru → kimasu

to come → I/you/he/she... come


Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

A: Teacher Mitch, do you watch TV everyday?

B: Well, I do watch TV, but not everyday. How about you, Michiko? Do you watch TV every day?

A: No. I don't watch TV. But I watch YouTube every day.

B: I see. By the way, Michiko, do you smoke?

A: No. I don't smoke. But I breathe in exhaust fume every day.

 

A→ミッチ先生は毎日テレビを見ますか?

 

B→そうですね。テレビは見ます。でも、毎日は見ません。ミチコさんはどうですか?毎日テレビを見ますか?

A→いいえ。私はテレビを見ません。でも、ユーチューブを毎日見ます。

B→なるほど。どころで、ミチコさんはタバコを吸いますか?

A→いいえ。私はタバコを吸いません。でも排気ガスを毎日吸います。

 




Grammar Focus 3 : Chinese origin number

     1-ichi
     2-ni
     3-san
     4-shi/yon
     5-go
     6-roku
     7-shichi/nana
     8-hachi
     9-kyuu/ku
     10-juu

 

When to use the Chinese origin number:

We often use Chinese origin number in combination with counters. 
※Counters are similar words like in English "a piece of chocolate," "two pairs of shoes," "three cups of coffee" etc.
 One example use of Chinese origin number with a counter will be;
     "__時間(__ jikan) — for __ hours"
for 1 hour---いち じかん
for 2 hour---に じかん
for 3 hour---さん じかん
for 4 hour---よ じかん←exception
for 5 hour---ご じかん
for 6 hour---ろく じかん
for 7 hour---しち じかん
for 8 hour---はち じかん
for 9 hour---く じかん
for 10 hour---じゅう じかん


Grammar Focus 4 : "I do ___ for 3 hrs every day."

私は毎日3時間テレビを見ます。
(watashi wa mainichi san jikan terebi o mimasu)
            — I watch TV for 3 hours every day.
 
vocab:
every day=毎日(mainichi)

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

Q1. I watch TV for 1 hour every day.

 →私は毎日1時間テレビを見ます。

Q2. My wife takes a shower for 2 hours every day.

 →私の家内は毎日2時間シャワーを浴びます。

Q3. My husband works 3 hours of overtime every day.

 →私の夫は毎日3時間残業をします。

Q4. My father plays role-playing games for 4 hours every day.

 →私の父は毎日ロールプレイングゲームを4時間します。

Q5. My mother smokes for 5 hours every day.

 →私の母は毎日5時間タバコを吸います。



Additional Grammar & Phrases

    4これは全部私の外国語のテキストです
         (kore wa zenbu watashi no gaikokugo no tekisuto desu)。
        —These are all my foreign language textbooks.


Lesson summery


Words & Phrases that we (might) have used during the lesson:
-5時間 (go jikan)--- for 5 hours
-毎日 (mainichi)---every day
-本当ですか?(hontou desu ka)—Really?
-to play games=ゲームをする(gēmu o suru)
-to go on a date=デートをする(dēto o suru)
-to play the piano=ピアノを弾く(piano o hiku)
-to smoke a cigarette=タバコを吸う(tabako o suu)
-to watch TV=テレビを見る(terebi o miru)
-to take a shower=シャワーを浴びる(shawā o abiru)
-to work overtime=残業(ざんぎょう)をする
-to do the laundry=洗濯(せんたく)をする
-to ditch one’s job=仕事(しごと)をサボる
-to spend some money=お金(かね)を使(つか)う
-to count numbers=数(かず)を数(かぞ)える
-to vacuum=掃除機(そうじき)をかける


雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk "Japanese Bathroom & Bathing Custom"

 Last time, we talked about monkeys in hot springs. So today, let's talk about bathrooms in Japan.

 When I started learning English, I was surprised to find out that the English word "bathroom" can be two completely different things in Japanese; トイレ(toire) and お風呂(o huro).

 Japanese people do "number one" and "number two" in a place called "トイレ(toire)" and take a shower and a bath called "お風呂(o huro)" or "お風呂場(o huro ba)," and they are usually two different sections of a house.

 So here are photos of the トイレ(toire) in my house. We have two; one on the first floor and another one on the second floor.

The one on the first floor:

The one on the second floor:


 As you can see, there is no place to take a shower in the トイレ(toire). They are usually purely for "number one" and "number two."

 And here are some pictures of our お風呂(o huro). In many cases, Japanese お風呂 are sectioned into two two areas; お風呂場(o huro ba), bathing area, and 脱衣所(datsuijo), undressing corner.

My お風呂場, bathing area:

My 脱衣所, undressing corner


 Since in many families, we usually do not throw the water in the bathtub away until after everybody finishes taking a bath, we usually take a shower outside the bathtub to wash our body and hair. And then take a bath. So that means that inside the bathing area, we have a place for you to take a shower, and a bathtub.

 So if you come to Japan and stay with a Japanese family, this is very important; 

First, take a shower and wash yourself outside the tub.

Then, take a bath.

When getting out of the tub, do NOT drain the bath water.

Finally, put the lid on the bathtub↓

 Oh, and don't forget to put your clothes before you come out of the bathroom.

(^_^)


Language-Learning Tips:

 You might have already heard, but reading books is one of the most powerful and effective ways to learn a foreign language. And reading manga is no exception.  Actually, many language teachers say that reading manga is an extremely fun and effective way to learn a language; you can learn authentic words and phrases in contexts, with pictures, and it's fun! 

 And this is one of the Japanese biggest ebook sites. It has a really huge collections of books, especially manga. So if you like to read manga in Japanese, here is the site↓

イーブックイニシアティブジャパン eBookJapan

 Oh, by the way, depends on where you live, you might need a VPN service to read their e-books. Here is one Official website【NordVPN】 .


Homework: 

1. Please write five activities that you do on a daily basis using "-masu" form of the verb and five activities that you usually don't using the negative form, "-masen." If you don't know how to say certain expressions in Japanese, please use a dictionary to look up the words. Don't be afraid of making mistakes. I mean I make mistakes all the time (^_^). We will check your answers during the next lesson.

2. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 8 Hiragana, Japanese phonetic scripts. 

Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.

Hiragana [pronunciation] "keyboard"

ら [ra] "ra"

り [ri] "ri"

る [ru] "ru"

れ [re] "re"

ろ [ro] "ro"

Hiragana [pronunciation] "keyboard"

わ [wa] "wa"

 

を [o] "wo" 

 

ん [n, ng, m] "nn"



以下のことを守っていただければ、どなたでもお気軽にコメントを残していただけます。

Anyone can feel free to leave a comment as long as you;

 

1. 批判はしない。

do not criticize other people or other people's comments

2. 特定の個人やグループを非難・攻撃しない。

do not defame or attack a particular person or group of people

3. 語学学習に関係ないことは書かない。

do not leave comments which have nothing to do with language-learning

4. 個人を特定できる情報(メールアドレス、住所、電話番号など)は書かない。

do not write personal information such as e-mail addresses, home addresses, or telephone numbers.


コメント: 1
  • #1

    サンドラ (金曜日, 24 8月 2018 20:03)

    アドリブ espontáneo
    朝 mañana (AM)
    昼 mediodía
    夜 noche
    テトリス tetris (juego)
    穴 hoyo
    植木鉢 maceta
    腕時計 reloj de muñeca
    お皿 plato

    私は毎日勉強をします。
    私は毎日一時間テレビを見ます。
    私は毎日手紙を書きます。
    私は毎日三時間散歩をします。
    私は毎日音楽を聞きます。

    私は毎日タバコを吸いません。
    私は毎日ゲームをしません。
    私は毎日リンゴを買いません。
    私は毎日ギターを弾きません。
    私は毎日牛乳を飲みません。

    よろしくお願いします!!