Lesson 6 "I don't work at all."


Grammar Focus 1 : Frequency words in Japanese 1

(positive sentences)

In the last lesson, we practice the following language structure;
 
       私は毎日OOます。
       (watashi wa mainichi “verb in -masu form”)
        I do ___ every day.
Instead of "毎日(mainichi)" which means "every day," we can use other words and phrases to talk about different frequency of the action;
e.g.
       私はいつもOOます。
       (watashi wa itsumo “verb in -masu form”)
        I do ___ all the time.
NoteThe word order in Japanese is quite flexible. So all of the sentences below are correct.
1. 私はいつも冗談を言います。(watashi wa itsumo joudan o iimasu.)
2. いつも私は冗談を言います。(itsumo watashi wa joudan o iimasu.)
3. 冗談をいつも私は言います。(joudan o itsumo watashi wa iimasu.)
4. 私は冗談をいつも言います。(watashi wa joudan o itsumo iimasu.)
5. 冗談を私はいつも言います。(joudan o watashi wa itsumo iimasu.)
which all mean "I always tell jokes."

To review how to get "-ます(masu)" forms of verbs, please visit "Lesson 5"

 


Grammar Focus 2 : Frequency words in Japanese 2

(negative sentences)

In Japanese, to express "hardly ever do __" and "never do ___" we use the following structure;
 

"hardly ever do __."

   →『めったに __ません。』(metta ni __masen.)
     eg私はめったに仕事をしません
       (watashi wa mettani shigoto o shimasen.)
        ---I hardly ever work. 

"never do __." / "don't do __ at all."

   →『全然 __ません。』(zenzen __masen.)
     eg私は全然仕事をしません
       (watashi wa zenzen shigoto o shimasen.)
        ---I never work. / I don't work at all.

Some examples of frequency words in Japanese:

always=いつも(itsumo)
sometimes=時々(toki doki)
occasionally=たまに(tamani)
hardly ever=めったに___ません。(mettani ___masen)
do not do at all=全然___ません。(zenzen ___masen)

 


Grammar Focus 3 : How to read a telephone number in Japanese 『電話番号の読み方』

Rules:
1. We just need to simply read each number with the Chinese-origin number
2. A hyphen can be read as “の(no)"
3. Instead of reading a hyphen as "の(no)," you can also give a little pause.
 
For example, the following telephone number can be reas as;
0120-12-3456 (non-existent)
    zero ichi ni zero no ichi ni no san yon go roku
        or
    zero ichi ni zero (pause) ichi ni (pause) san yon go roku
        or
    zero ichi ni zero (pause) ichi ni no san yon go roku
        or in combination
    zero ichi ni zero no ichi ni (pause) san yon go roku

But there are some exceptions. The following two numbers are very important telephone numbers to remember;

 

110 (read as "hyaku tou ban")

--- to call the police call centre to report an accident or a crime.

 

119 (read as "hyaku juu kyuu ban")

--- to call the fire-ambulance-emergency rescue call centre.

 

Important phrases to remember:

誰か110番お願いします(dareka hyaku tou ban onegai shimasu)。 

---Anyone, please call the police!

誰か119番お願いします(dareka hyaku juu kyuu ban onegai shimasu)。

---Anyone, please call an ambulance/fire station!

 

More numbers in Japanese:

100-hyaku
200-ni hyaku
300-sanbyaku
400-yon hyaku
500-go hyaku
600-roppyaku
700-nana hyaku
800-happyaku
900-kyuu hyaku


Additional Grammar & Phrases

    4-1(verb in dictionary form)好きですか?
         “verb in dictionary form” no wa suki desu ka
        —Do you like to do __?
    4-2(verb in dictionary form)得意ですか?
         “verb in dictionary form” no wa tokui desu ka
        —Are you good at doing __?
    5__円(en)--- __ yen (Japanese currency)


Other Words & Phrases
-テレビのリモコン---TV remote
(terebi no rimokon)
-テーブル---table
(tēburu)
-ベッド---bed
(beddo)
-ドライヤー---hair dryer
(doraiyā)
-椅子---chair
(isu)
-冷蔵庫---refrigerator
(reizouko)
-目覚まし時計---alarm clock
(mezamashi dokei)
-バドミントンをする---to play badminton
(badominton o suru)
-サッカーをする---to play soccer
(sakkā o suru)
-テニスをする---to play tennis
(tenisu o suru)
-ジャンプをする--to jump
(janpu o suru)
-ゲームをする---to play games
(gēmu o suru)
-リラックスをする---to relax
(rirakkusu o suru)
-ジョギングをする---to go jogging
(jogingu o suru)

Lesson summery


Homework: 

Please write 5 activities that you do and 5 more activities that you normally don't do using the frequency word and "-masu/-masen" structures that we have practiced today. If you don't know how to say certain expressions in Japanese, please use a dictionary to look up the words. Don't be afraid of making mistakes. We will check your answers during the next lesson. Good luck!


以下のことを守っていただければ、どなたでもお気軽にコメントを残していただけます。

Anyone can feel free to leave a comment as long as you;

 

1. 批判はしない。

do not criticize other people or other people's comments

2. 特定の個人やグループを非難・攻撃しない。

do not defame or attack a particular person or group of people

3. 語学学習に関係ないことは書かない。

do not leave comments which have nothing to do with language-learning

4. 個人を特定できる情報(メールアドレス、住所、電話番号など)は書かない。

do not write personal information such as e-mail addresses, home addresses, or telephone numbers.

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