Grammar Focus 1 : Frequency words in Japanese 1
To review how to get "-ます(masu)" forms of verbs, please visit "Lesson 5"
Grammar Focus 2 : Frequency words in Japanese 2
"hardly ever do __."
"never do __." / "don't do __ at all."
Some examples of frequency words in Japanese:
Grammar Focus 3 : How to read a telephone number in Japanese 『電話番号の読み方』
But there are some exceptions. The following two numbers are very important telephone numbers to remember;
110 (read as "hyaku tou ban")
--- to call the police call centre to report an accident or a crime.
119 (read as "hyaku juu kyuu ban")
--- to call the fire-ambulance-emergency rescue call centre.
Important phrases to remember:
誰か110番お願いします(dareka hyaku tou ban onegai shimasu)。
---Anyone, please call the police!
誰か119番お願いします(dareka hyaku juu kyuu ban onegai shimasu)。
---Anyone, please call an ambulance/fire station!
More numbers in Japanese:
Additional Grammar & Phrases
雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk "Taking Off Shoes at Entrance"
Last time, we talked about the toilet and the bathroom in a typical Japanese house. So today, I would like to talk about the entrance of a typical Japanese house.
In some cultures, people keep their shoes on at home, and in some other cultures, it is up to you whether to keep your shoes on or not. However, in Japan, usually, people take their shoes off at the entrance, leave their shoes there and then step on the floor of the house.
First let me show you some of the typical entrances of Japanese houses.
Typically, the floor of a Japanese house is higher than the ground. The entrance in the left picture is that my house and the one on the right is that of my friends'. In both pictures, you can see that the floor is approximately 20 centimeters (about 8 inches) higher than the ground.
In some houses, the floor is set up even 50 to 60 centimeters (19 to 24 inches) higher than the ground. In my parents' house, the floor is so high that there are two footsteps to step on the floor. Next time I go to my parents' house, I'll take a photo and post it here.
The reason is that we usually take our shoes off when we enter the house. And in order to take our shoes off, we often need to sit on somewhere. So Japanese people sit on the floor, which is higher than the ground, and use the floor as a bench.
Then as you can see in the pictures, we often place our shoes on the border between the floor of the house and the ground. But what if we have many guests coming over or if each family member has more than a pair of shoes? We can't put all the shoes there, can we? Should we carry our shoes in with us?
No no! Please keep your shoes away from the actual living space of the house. The Japanese do not like shoes to be inside of the living space of the house.
Then, what should we do if there is no space to line up our shoes in the entrance? Don't worry. In may Japanese houses, there is also a storage box inside the entrance. It is called 下駄箱(geta bako) and we usually keep our shoes there. So if your Japanese host knows, ahead of time, that you are visiting them, they will have put their shoes away into 下駄箱(geta bako) to make space for your shoes.
Here are some pictures of 下駄箱(geta bako)↓
So usually, all the shoes are kept somewhere inside of the entrance, not inside of the living room or in the bedroom, because Japanese people like to keep shoes and dirt off the actual living space of the house. So, that is also another reason why in many Japanese houses, the floor is higher than the ground; to keep away the dirt, which you might carry in with your shoes, from the actual living space of the house.
If you stay at a hotel in Japan, this is not the case because hotels in Japan also host people from different cultural backgrounds. So I would say that it is completely up to you whether to take off your shoes or keep them on while in your hotel room.
However, if you stay at a Japanese traditional hotel called "旅館(ryokan)" or "民宿(minshuku/guest house)" or if you stay at your friend's house, please keep the following steps in mind when you enter a house in Japan;
①Enter the entrance.
②Take your shoes off before you step on the floor of the house. You may use the floor as a bench to take your shoes off.
③Step on the floor.
④Line up your shoes neatly.
⑤And then walk in.
Looking for a share house in Japan? Or even if you had never though of it, I guarantee you it will be a great experience to stay at a share house while you are in Japan; you can make friends, experience real life of Japan, learn the authentic language and culture and more!
Here is a site where you can find nice share houses for reasonable prices in Japan↓ The site is also available in English. Don't miss this opportunity!
1. Please write 5 activities that you do and 5 more activities that you normally don't do using the frequency word and "-masu/-masen" structures that we have practiced today. If you don't know how to say certain expressions in Japanese, please use a dictionary to look up the words. Don't be afraid of making mistakes. We will check your answers during the next lesson. Good luck!
2. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 10 Katakana, Japanese phonetic scripts.
Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.
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