Grammar Point 1
"I watch TV and then do my homework."
In Japanese, the English word "and" is often translated as "と(to)." However, the word "と(to)" usually only connects nouns in Japanese.
例１ー１ りんご(ringo)と(to)バナナ(banana)=apples and bananas
例１ー２ 犬(inu)と(to)猫(neko)=dogs and cats
So if we want to say phrases like
"I do __, do __, and then do __."
we often use the following structure;
(verb in te form) + (verb in te form) + ます/ました/てください etc.
(watashi wa terebi o mite shukudai o shimasu.)
→I watch TV and then do my homework.
(micchi san wa kinou kōhī o nonde nemashita ka)
→Mitch, did you have coffee and then go to bed yesterday?
(which yes, I did. I like to have coffee before going to bed.)
(yoku kande tabete kudasai)
→Please chew well and eat.
Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)
Q1. Mitch saw a woman in a bikini and turned around.
→micchi san wa bikini sugata no josei o mite, hurikaerimashita.
Q2. Mitch's wife got mad and pinched his cheek.
→micchi san no okusan wa okotte, micchi san no hoho o tsuneri mashita.
Grammar Point 2
"How to Give and Receive Directions in Japanese"
We can use this grammatical structure to give and receive directions in Japanese as well.
(migi ni magatte, hidari ni magatte, massugu itte kudasai)
→Turn right, then turn left, and then go straight.
Other Useful Words & Phrases when Giving Directions in Japanese;
OO-shop, OO-store, OO-corner
In Japanese, if we want to say "OO+store" or "OO+shop," we use the word;
"OO屋" or "OO屋さん"
"OO ya" or "OO ya san"
本屋/本屋さん(hon ya san) bookstore
花屋/花屋さん(hana ya san) flower shop
靴屋/靴屋さん(kutsu ya san) shoe store
Similarly, if we want to say "OO+counter" or "OO+section," of a store, we use the word;
"OO売り場" or "OOコーナー"
"OO uriba" or "OO kōnā"
Lesson summery video:
雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk topic undecided
1. Using the grammatical structures that we practiced today,
-please write down 5 items that you have
-and 5 items that you don't have in your house.
2. Please create 3 sentences using the structure "There will be + (event) tomorrow." in Japanese.
3. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 5 Kanji, Japanese Chinese characters.
Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.
Words and phrases that
we (might) have used during the lesson:
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