Lesson 16 "I watch TV & do my homework" "Turn right & go straight."

Grammar Point 1

"I watch TV and then do my homework."

 In Japanese, the English word "and" is often translated as "と(to)." However, the word "と(to)" usually only connects nouns in Japanese.

例1ー1 りんご(ringo)と(to)バナナ(banana)=apples and bananas

例1ー2 犬(inu)と(to)猫(neko)=dogs and cats

 So if we want to say phrases like

"I do __, do __, and then do __."

we often use the following structure;

(verb in te form) + (verb in te form) + ます/ました/てください etc.

例1−3 私はテレビを見て宿題をします。

     (watashi wa terebi o mite shukudai o shimasu.)

     →I watch TV and then do my homework.

例1−4 ミッチさんは昨日コーヒーを飲んで寝ましたか?

     (micchi san wa kinou kōhī o nonde nemashita ka)

     →Mitch, did you have coffee and then go to bed yesterday?

      (which yes, I did. I like to have coffee before going to bed.)

例1−5 よく噛んで食べてください。

     (yoku kande tabete kudasai)

     →Please chew well and eat.

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

Q1. Mitch saw a woman in a bikini and turned around.

 →ミッチさんはビキニ姿の女性を見て、振り返りました。

 →micchi san wa bikini sugata no josei o mite, hurikaerimashita.

Q2. Mitch's wife got mad and pinched his cheek.

 →ミッチさんの奥さんは怒って、ミッチさんの頬をつねりました。

 →micchi san no okusan wa okotte, micchi san no hoho o tsuneri mashita.



Grammar Point 2

"How to Give and Receive Directions in Japanese"

 We can use this grammatical structure to give and receive directions in Japanese as well.

例2−1 右に曲がって、左に曲がって、まっすぐ行ってください。

     (migi ni magatte, hidari ni magatte, massugu itte kudasai)

     →Turn right, then turn left, and then go straight.

Other Useful Words & Phrases when Giving Directions in Japanese;

 -to the right=右(みぎ)に
 -to the left=左(ひだり)に
 -straight=まっすぐ
 -to turn=曲がる
 -at the 1st traffic light=1番目(いちばんめ)の信号(しんごう)を
 -at the second corner=2番目(にばんめ)の角(かど)を
 -at the third intersection=3番目(さんばんめ)の交差点(こうさてん)を


Additional Stuff

OO-shop, OO-store, OO-corner

 In Japanese, if we want to say "OO+store" or "OO+shop," we use the word;

"OO屋" or "OO屋さん"

"OO ya" or "OO ya san"

例① 本(hon)=books

例② 花(hana)=flowers

例③ 靴(kutsu)=shoes

本屋/本屋さん(hon ya san) bookstore

花屋/花屋さん(hana ya san) flower shop

靴屋/靴屋さん(kutsu ya san) shoe store



 Similarly, if we want to say "OO+counter" or "OO+section," of a store, we use the word;

"OO売り場" or "OOコーナー"

"OO uriba" or "OO kōnā"

例① お菓子(okashi)=snacks

例② 野菜(yasai)=vegies

例③ 果物(kudamono)=fruit

お菓子売り場(okashi uriba)

野菜売り場(yasai uriba)

果物売り場(kudamono uriba)




Lesson summery video:




雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk topic undecided



Homework: 

1. Using the grammatical structures that we practiced today,

    -please tell me three things you did before you went to bed yesterday using the structure "__て、__て、__て、寝(ね)ました。(I did _, _, _, and then went to bed.)"

    -please tell me three things you usually do before going to school/work using the structure "普段(ふだん)__て、__て、__て、学校(がっこう)/仕事(しごと)に行(い)きます。(I usually do _, _, _, and then go to school/work.)"

2. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 5 Kanji, Japanese Chinese characters. 

Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.


To view the translation of words and phrases in English and the answers to the kanji exercise in the video, please use the cursor to highlight here↓ 

Q.1 木(こ)かげ---sombra de un árbol, shade of a tree

Q.2 竹(たけ)うま---zancos, bamboo stilts

Q.3 めい犬(けん) チーズ---nombre de un perro en un anime "Go! Anpanman", name of a dog in the anime "Go! Anpanman"

Q.4 つみ木(き)---cubos de madera (juguetes), blocks (toy)

Q.5 カブトムシ の よう虫(ちゅう)---larva de un ciervo volante, beetle larva

Q.6 犬(いぬ) と ねこ--- perros y gatos, cats and dogs

Q.7 木(ぼく)とう---espada de madera, wooden sword

Q.8 貝(かい)がら を ひろう---recoger conchas, to pick up seashells

Q.9 け虫(むし)---oruga (en particular, los que tienen pelos), woolly worm

Q.10 木(もく)ようび---jueves, Thursday

Q.11 ばく竹(ちく) の おと---sonido de petardos, sound of firecrackers



Words and phrases that

we (might) have used during the lesson:



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Anyone can feel free to leave a comment as long as you;

 

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do not leave comments which have nothing to do with language-learning

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