Lesson 16 "I watch TV & do my homework" "Turn right & go straight."

Grammar Point 1

"I watch TV and then do my homework."

 In Japanese, the English word "and" is often translated as "と(to)." However, the word "と(to)" usually only connects nouns in Japanese.

例1ー1 りんご(ringo)と(to)バナナ(banana)=apples and bananas

例1ー2 犬(inu)と(to)猫(neko)=dogs and cats

 So if we want to say phrases like

"I do __, do __, and then do __."

we often use the following structure;

(verb in te form) + (verb in te form) + ます/ました/てください etc.

例1−3 私はテレビを見て宿題をします。

     (watashi wa terebi o mite shukudai o shimasu.)

     →I watch TV and then do my homework.

例1−4 ミッチさんは昨日コーヒーを飲んで寝ましたか?

     (micchi san wa kinou kōhī o nonde nemashita ka)

     →Mitch, did you have coffee and then go to bed yesterday?

      (which yes, I did. I like to have coffee before going to bed.)

例1−5 よく噛んで食べてください。

     (yoku kande tabete kudasai)

     →Please chew well and eat.

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

Q1. Mitch saw a woman in a bikini and turned around.

 →ミッチさんはビキニ姿の女性を見て、振り返りました。

 →micchi san wa bikini sugata no josei o mite, hurikaerimashita.

Q2. Mitch's wife got mad and pinched his cheek.

 →ミッチさんの奥さんは怒って、ミッチさんの頬をつねりました。

 →micchi san no okusan wa okotte, micchi san no hoho o tsuneri mashita.



Grammar Point 2

"How to Give and Receive Directions in Japanese"

 We can use this grammatical structure to give and receive directions in Japanese as well.

例2−1 右に曲がって、左に曲がって、まっすぐ行ってください。

     (migi ni magatte, hidari ni magatte, massugu itte kudasai)

     →Turn right, then turn left, and then go straight.

Other Useful Words & Phrases when Giving Directions in Japanese;

 -to the right=右(みぎ)に
 -to the left=左(ひだり)に
 -straight=まっすぐ
 -to turn=曲がる
 -at the 1st traffic light=1番目(いちばんめ)の信号(しんごう)を
 -at the second corner=2番目(にばんめ)の角(かど)を
 -at the third intersection=3番目(さんばんめ)の交差点(こうさてん)を


Additional Stuff

OO-shop, OO-store, OO-corner

 In Japanese, if we want to say "OO+store" or "OO+shop," we use the word;

"OO屋" or "OO屋さん"

"OO ya" or "OO ya san"

例① 本(hon)=books

例② 花(hana)=flowers

例③ 靴(kutsu)=shoes

本屋/本屋さん(hon ya san) bookstore

花屋/花屋さん(hana ya san) flower shop

靴屋/靴屋さん(kutsu ya san) shoe store



 Similarly, if we want to say "OO+counter" or "OO+section," of a store, we use the word;

"OO売り場" or "OOコーナー"

"OO uriba" or "OO kōnā"

例① お菓子(okashi)=snacks

例② 野菜(yasai)=vegies

例③ 果物(kudamono)=fruit

お菓子売り場(okashi uriba)

野菜売り場(yasai uriba)

果物売り場(kudamono uriba)




Lesson summery video:




雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk topic undecided



Homework: 

1. Using the grammatical structures that we practiced today,

    -please write down 5 items that you have

    -and 5 items that you don't have in your house.

2. Please create 3 sentences using the structure "There will be + (event) tomorrow." in Japanese.

3. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 5 Kanji, Japanese Chinese characters. 

Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.




Words and phrases that

we (might) have used during the lesson:



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