Lesson 20 1-I have been to_. 2-I'm good at _ing.

Grammar Point 1 "(verb in ta form)+ことがあります。"

We often use this grammatical structure to talk about the experience. It is often translated into English as "Have + past participle" like

 "I have been to Kyoto once."

 "Have you ever seen a ghost?"

 "I have never eaten pufferfish." etc.

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

Q1. I have been to Kyoto once.


Q2. Have you ever seen a ghost? ※ever=今(いま)までに、ghost=幽霊(ゆうれい)


Q3. I have never eaten pufferfish. ※pufferfish=フグ



Grammar Point 2 "I'm good at __ing"

In Japanese, the English phrase "be good at __ing" can be expressed by;

『(verb in the dictionary form)+ が/は 得意です。』

(verb in the dictionary form) + no ga/wa tokui desu 

 例1"I'm good at singing songs."


(watashi wa uta o utau no ga tokui desu.)

Question sentence:

 If we want to form a question sentence, we just need to add the particle "" at the end.

 例2 "Are you good at singing songs?"


(uta o utau no ga tokui desu ka?)

Negative sentence:

 If we want to form a negative sentence, we just need to change the ending "です" to "ではありません。

 例2 "I'm not good at singing songs."


(uta o utau no ga tokui dewa arimasen)

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

Q1. Are you good at dancing?


Q2. No. I'm not good at dancing.


Q3. But I'm good at playing the guitar.


Grammar Point 3 "I'm good at __ing + noun."

With "noun + verb" phrases, we can omit the verbs. 

例3 "I'm good at speaking Japanese."



例4 "I'm not good at playing the guitar."



Lesson summery video (Sorry. Will be ready soon.): 

雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk topic undecided


1. Using the grammatical structures "(verb in ta form)+ことがあります",

    -please write 5 things that you have ever done in your life

    -please write 5 things that you have never done in your life

2. Using the grammatical structure "(verb)+のが得意(とくい)です".

 -please write 3 things that you are good at doing.

 -please write 3 things that you are not good at doing.

3. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 5 Kanji, Japanese Chinese characters. 

Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.

To view the translation of words and phrases in English and the answers to the kanji exercise in the video, please use the cursor to highlight here↓ 

Q.1 まん月(げつ)---full moon

Q.2 日(にち)よう日(び)---Sunday

Q.3 はこ の 中(なか)み---content of a box

Q.4 夕(ゆう)ごはん---dinner, supper

Q.5 お日(ひ)さま---the sun

Q.6 円(まる)いテーブル---round table

Q.7 一月(いち がつ)---January

Q.8 一日中(いち にち じゅう)テレビを みる---watch TV all day long

Q.9 月(つき) と たいよう---the moon and the sun

Q.10 中(ちゅう)がっこう---a lower secondary school, junior high school

Q.11 きゅう日(じつ)---holiday

Q.12 百円(ひゃく えん)だま---100-yen coin

Words and phrases that

we (might) have used during the lesson:


Anyone can feel free to leave a comment as long as you;


1. 批判はしない。

do not criticize other people or other people's comments

2. 特定の個人やグループを非難・攻撃しない。

do not defame or attack a particular person or group of people

3. 語学学習に関係ないことは書かない。

do not leave comments which have nothing to do with language-learning

4. 個人を特定できる情報(メールアドレス、住所、電話番号など)は書かない。

do not write personal information such as e-mail addresses, home addresses, or telephone numbers.

コメント: 0