Lesson 20 1-I have been to_. 2-I'm good at _ing.

Grammar Point 1 "(verb in ta form)+ことがあります。"

We often use this grammatical structure to talk about the experience. It is often translated into English as "Have + past participle" like

 "I have been to Kyoto once."

 "Have you ever seen a ghost?"

 "I have never eaten pufferfish." etc.


Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

Q1. I have been to Kyoto once.

 →私(わたし)は京都(きょうと)に一度(いちど)行(い)ったことがあります。

Q2. Have you ever seen a ghost? ※ever=今(いま)までに、ghost=幽霊(ゆうれい)

 →今(いま)までに幽霊(ゆうれい)を見(み)たことはありますか?

Q3. I have never eaten pufferfish. ※pufferfish=フグ

 →(わたし)はフグを食(た)べたことはありません。

 →私(わたし)はフグを食(た)べたことは一度(いちど)もありません。



Grammar Point 2 "I'm good at __ing"

In Japanese, the English phrase "be good at __ing" can be expressed by;

『(verb in the dictionary form)+ が/は 得意です。』

(verb in the dictionary form) + no ga/wa tokui desu 

 例1"I'm good at singing songs."

 →私は歌を歌うが得意です。

(watashi wa uta o utau no ga tokui desu.)

Question sentence:

 If we want to form a question sentence, we just need to add the particle "" at the end.

 例2 "Are you good at singing songs?"

 →歌を歌うのが得意です

(uta o utau no ga tokui desu ka?)

Negative sentence:

 If we want to form a negative sentence, we just need to change the ending "です" to "ではありません。

 例2 "I'm not good at singing songs."

 →歌を歌うのが得意ではありません

(uta o utau no ga tokui dewa arimasen)


Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

Q1. Are you good at dancing?

 →踊(おど)りを踊(おど)るのは得意(とくい)ですか?

Q2. No. I'm not good at dancing.

 →いいえ。踊(おど)りを踊(おど)るのは得意(とく)ではありません。

Q3. But I'm good at playing the guitar.

 →でもギターを弾(ひ)くのは得意(とくい)です。


Grammar Point 3 "I'm good at __ing + noun."

With "noun + verb" phrases, we can omit the verbs. 

例3 "I'm good at speaking Japanese."

 私(わたし)は日本語(にほんご)を話(はな)すのが得意(とくい)です。

 →私(わたし)は日本語(にほんご)が得意(とくい)です。

例4 "I'm not good at playing the guitar."

 私(わたし)はギターを弾(ひ)くのが得意(とくい)ではありません。

 →私(わたし)はギターが得意(とくい)ではありません。



Lesson summery video (Sorry. Will be ready soon.): 




雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk topic undecided



Homework: 

1. Using the grammatical structures "(verb in ta form)+ことがあります",

    -please write 5 things that you have ever done in your life

    -please write 5 things that you have never done in your life

2. Using the grammatical structure "(verb)+のが得意(とくい)です".

 -please write 3 things that you are good at doing.

 -please write 3 things that you are not good at doing.

3. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 5 Kanji, Japanese Chinese characters. 

Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.


To view the translation of words and phrases in English and the answers to the kanji exercise in the video, please use the cursor to highlight here↓ 

Q.1 まん月(げつ)---full moon

Q.2 日(にち)よう日(び)---Sunday

Q.3 はこ の 中(なか)み---content of a box

Q.4 夕(ゆう)ごはん---dinner, supper

Q.5 お日(ひ)さま---the sun

Q.6 円(まる)いテーブル---round table

Q.7 一月(いち がつ)---January

Q.8 一日中(いち にち じゅう)テレビを みる---watch TV all day long

Q.9 月(つき) と たいよう---the moon and the sun

Q.10 中(ちゅう)がっこう---a lower secondary school, junior high school

Q.11 きゅう日(じつ)---holiday

Q.12 百円(ひゃく えん)だま---100-yen coin



Words and phrases that

we (might) have used during the lesson:



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