Grammar Point 1 "like to do / like doing"
In Japanese, if you want to express the idea of "like to do" or "like doing" something, we often use the following structure;
『verb in dictionary form + の + が 好きです。』
verb in dictionary form + no + ga + sukidesu
And if you like to do something a lot, we often use the word "大(dai)" in front of the word "好き(suki)".
If you want to express the idea of
"don't like to do something so much"
"don't like doing something so much"
we often use the following structure;
『dict form V + の + は + あまり好きではありません。』
verb in dictionary form + no + wa + suki dewa arimasen
Grammar Point 2 "Why don't we ___ together!"
In Japanese, there are several ways to say
"Let's do __!"
"Shall we do ___!"
"Why don't we do __!"
And one possible way is to use the following structure;
『verb in ません form +か？』
verb in -masen form + ka?
Grammar Point 3 "adjective+noun"
If we want to use an adjective to modify a noun, for example "cold winter," in English, we put the adjective (in this case, "cold") before the noun (in this case "winter").
Japanese is the same. We simply put the adjective before the noun.
"My hobby is doing ___."
It is important to talk about what your hobbies are when you are talking with other people. So let's practice how to say "My hobby is doing ___." in Japanese.
This idea can be express with the following structure in Japanese;
Lesson summery video:
雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk: Personal Pronouns
I'm still writing. Please come back in a couple of days.
1. Using the grammatical structures that we practiced today, please write
-5 things that you like to do
-5 things that you don't like to do
2. Let's write a short essay to introduce yourself in Japanese. You can use any grammatical structures that you already know. And, I said "short essay," but if you want, you can write a long one, too.
3. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 5 Kanji, Japanese Chinese characters.
Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.
Words and phrases that
we (might) have used during the lesson:
-運転する(unten suru)---to drive
-料理をする(ryouri o suru)---to cook
-家でのんびりする(ie de nonbiri suru)---to relax at home
-旅行をする(ryokou o suru)---to go on a trip
-読書をする(dokusho o suru)---to do some reading
-買い物をする(kaimono o suru)---to do shopping
-映画を見る(eiga o miru)---to see a movie
-隠れる(kakureru)---to hide (oneself)
-公園に行く(kouen ni iku)---to go to the park
-踊りを踊る(odori o odoru)---to dance
-変な(hen na)---odd, strange
-元気な(genki na)---fine, energetic
-意地悪な(ijiwaru na)---mean, spiteful
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