Grammar Point 1 "like to do / like doing"
In Japanese, if you want to express the idea of "like to do" or "like doing" something, we often use the following structure;
『verb in dictionary form + の + が 好きです。』
verb in dictionary form + no + ga + sukidesu
And if you like to do something a lot, we often use the word "大(dai)" in front of the word "好き(suki)".
If you want to express the idea of
"don't like to do something so much"
"don't like doing something so much"
we often use the following structure;
『dict form V + の + は + あまり好きではありません。』
verb in dictionary form + no + wa + suki dewa arimasen
Grammar Point 2 "Why don't we ___ together!"
In Japanese, there are several ways to say
"Let's do __!"
"Shall we do ___!"
"Why don't we do __!"
And one possible way is to use the following structure;
『verb in ません form +か？』
verb in -masen form + ka?
Grammar Point 3 "adjective+noun"
If we want to use an adjective to modify a noun, for example "cold winter," in English, we put the adjective (in this case, "cold") before the noun (in this case "winter").
Japanese is the same. We simply put the adjective before the noun.
"My hobby is doing ___."
It is important to talk about what your hobbies are when you are talking with other people. So let's practice how to say "My hobby is doing ___." in Japanese.
This idea can be express with the following structure in Japanese;
Lesson summery video:
雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk: Personal Pronoun "You" in Japanese
We have learned that in Japanese, personal pronouns, I, you, he, she etc, are not used very often; we usually guess who the subject or the object of the sentence is from the context.
And one thing that we need to be careful about is the use of "you" in Japanese. In some Japanese textbooks, they might explain that the word "you" in Japanese is;
-anata (formal singular)
-anata tachi (formal plural)
-kimi (casual singular)
-kimi tachi (casual plural)
However, when, who and whom to use these personal pronouns for "you" in Japanese is a bit complex, and for now, I would say that it would probably be better not to use these personal pronouns in Japanese, especially "anata".
The word "anata" is often used by women when talking to their husband, similar to English expression "darling." It is also often used when you look down on the other person, as well.
So how should we address "you" in Japanese if it is ambiguous? Here are some possible options to say "you" in Japanese;
-田中さん (tanaka san)=if you are talking to Mr/Ms Tanaka
-お客様(okyaku sama)=if you are talking to a customer
※literally "Mr/Ms customer"
-みなさん(mina san)=if you are talking to multiple people at the same time
-お姉さん(onee san)=if you are talking to a young woman
※literally "older sister"
-お兄さん(onii san)=if you are talking to a young man
※literally "older brother"
-お母さん(okaa san)=if you are talking to a woman who is about the same age as your own mother
-お父さん(otou san)=if you are talking to a man who is about the same age as your own father
-先生(sensei)=if you are talking to a teacher, professor, medical doctor, accountant
-運転手さん(untenshu san)=if you are talking to a driver
※literally "Mr/Ms driver"
-社長(shachou)=if you are talking to a man and if you want to butter him up.
※literally "president of the company"
Life-Changing Experience & Life-Long Friendship Opportunity in Japan
1. Using the grammatical structures that we practiced today, please write
-5 things that you like to do
-5 things that you don't like to do
2. Let's write a short essay to introduce yourself in Japanese. You can use any grammatical structures that you already know. And, I said "short essay," but if you want, you can write a long one, too.
3. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 5 Kanji, Japanese Chinese characters.
Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.
Words and phrases that
we (might) have used during the lesson:
-運転する(unten suru)---to drive
-料理をする(ryouri o suru)---to cook
-家でのんびりする(ie de nonbiri suru)---to relax at home
-旅行をする(ryokou o suru)---to go on a trip
-読書をする(dokusho o suru)---to do some reading
-買い物をする(kaimono o suru)---to do shopping
-映画を見る(eiga o miru)---to see a movie
-隠れる(kakureru)---to hide (oneself)
-公園に行く(kouen ni iku)---to go to the park
-踊りを踊る(odori o odoru)---to dance
-変な(hen na)---odd, strange
-元気な(genki na)---fine, energetic
-意地悪な(ijiwaru na)---mean, spiteful
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