Lesson 13 "I like to work!"

Grammar Point 1 "like to do / like doing"

 In Japanese, if you want to express the idea of "like to do" or "like doing" something, we often use the following structure;

『verb in dictionary form + の + が 好きです。』

verb in dictionary form + no + ga + sukidesu


    1-1. 私は働くが好きです
          (watashi wa hataraku no ga sukidesu.)
         — I like to work.

 And if you like to do something a lot, we often use the word "大(dai)" in front of the word "好き(suki)".



    1-2. 私は働く好きです
          (watashi wa hataraku no ga dai sukidesu.)
         — I like to work a lot.

 If you want to express the idea of  

"don't like to do something so much"


"don't like doing something so much"

we often use the following structure;

『dict form V + の + は + あまり好きではありません。』

verb in dictionary form + no + wa + suki dewa arimasen

    1-3. 私は働くあまり好きではありません
        (watashi wa hataraku no wa amari suki dewa arimasen.) 
        — I don’t like to work so much.

Grammar Point 2 "Why don't we ___ together!"

 In Japanese, there are several ways to say

"Let's do __!"

"Shall we do ___!"

"Why don't we do __!"

And one possible way is to use the following structure;

『verb in ません form +か?』

verb in -masen form + ka?


        (kondo issho ni zangyou o shimasen ka?)
        —Why don’twe work overtime together sometime?

Grammar Point 3 "adjective+noun"

 If we want to use an adjective to modify a noun, for example "cold winter," in English, we put the adjective (in this case, "cold") before the noun (in this case "winter").

 Japanese is the same. We simply put the adjective before the noun.



    3-1.   ※-i adjectives+ nouns
           面白+映画 (omoshiro-i+ eiga)
           interesting movie
    3-2. -na adjectives+ nouns
           好き+映画 (suki-na+ eiga)  ※-na adjectives+ nouns
           favourite movie

Additional Stuff

"My hobby is doing ___."

 It is important to talk about what your hobbies are when you are talking with other people. So let's practice how to say "My hobby is doing ___." in Japanese.

 This idea can be express with the following structure in Japanese;

私の趣味は(verb in dictionary form)ことです。
watashi no shumi wa (verb in dictionary form) koto desu
(My hobby is doing ___.)
 ※『こと(koto)』means “fact," “matter," “thing"


    4. 私の趣味は外国語を勉強することです。
        (watashi no shumi wa gaikokugo o benkyou suru koto desu)
        —My hobby is studying foreign languages.

Lesson summery video:

雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk: Personal Pronoun "You" in Japanese

 We have learned that in Japanese, personal pronouns, I, you, he, she etc, are not used very often; we usually guess who the subject or the object of the sentence is from the context.


 And one thing that we need to be careful about is the use of "you" in Japanese. In some Japanese textbooks, they might explain that the word "you" in Japanese is;

-anata (formal singular)

-anata tachi (formal plural)

-kimi (casual singular)

-kimi tachi (casual plural)

 However, when, who and whom to use these personal pronouns for "you" in Japanese is a bit complex, and for now, I would say that it would probably be better not to use these personal pronouns in Japanese, especially "anata".

 The word "anata" is often used by women when talking to their husband, similar to English expression "darling." It is also often used when you look down on the other person, as well.

 So how should we address "you" in Japanese if it is ambiguous? Here are some possible options to say "you" in Japanese;

-田中さん (tanaka san)=if you are talking to Mr/Ms Tanaka

-お客様(okyaku sama)=if you are talking to a customer

 ※literally "Mr/Ms customer" 

-みなさん(mina san)=if you are talking to multiple people at the same time

 ※literally "everyone"

-お姉さん(onee san)=if you are talking to a young woman

 ※literally "older sister"

-お兄さん(onii san)=if you are talking to a young man

 ※literally "older brother"

-お母さん(okaa san)=if you are talking to a woman who is about the same age as your own mother

 ※literally "mother"

-お父さん(otou san)=if you are talking to a man who is about the same age as your own father

 ※literally "father"

-先生(sensei)=if you are talking to a teacher, professor, medical doctor, accountant

 ※literally "teacher"

-運転手さん(untenshu san)=if you are talking to a driver

 ※literally "Mr/Ms driver"

-社長(shachou)=if you are talking to a man and if you want to butter him up.

 ※literally "president of the company"

Useful Information:

Life-Changing Experience & Life-Long Friendship Opportunity in Japan


1. Using the grammatical structures that we practiced today, please write

    -5 things that you like to do

    -5 things that you don't like to do

2. Let's write a short essay to introduce yourself in Japanese. You can use any grammatical structures that you already know. And, I said "short essay," but if you want, you can write a long one, too.

3. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 5 Kanji, Japanese Chinese characters. 

Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.

Words and phrases that

we (might) have used during the lesson:

-働く(hataraku)---to work

-運転する(unten suru)---to drive

-料理をする(ryouri o suru)---to cook

-家でのんびりする(ie de nonbiri suru)---to relax at home

-旅行をする(ryokou o suru)---to go on a trip

-読書をする(dokusho o suru)---to do some reading

-買い物をする(kaimono o suru)---to do shopping

-映画を見る(eiga o miru)---to see a movie

-隠れる(kakureru)---to hide (oneself)

-公園に行く(kouen ni iku)---to go to the park

-踊りを踊る(odori o odoru)---to dance

-変な(hen na)---odd, strange

-有名な(yuumei na)---famous

-静かな(shizuka na)---quiet

-元気な(genki na)---fine, energetic

-意地悪な(ijiwaru na)---mean, spiteful



-うるさい(urusai)---noisy, annoying


-面白い(omoshiroi)---interesting, fun




Anyone can feel free to leave a comment as long as you;


1. 批判はしない。

do not criticize other people or other people's comments

2. 特定の個人やグループを非難・攻撃しない。

do not defame or attack a particular person or group of people

3. 語学学習に関係ないことは書かない。

do not leave comments which have nothing to do with language-learning

4. 個人を特定できる情報(メールアドレス、住所、電話番号など)は書かない。

do not write personal information such as e-mail addresses, home addresses, or telephone numbers.

コメント: 1
  • #1

    ジーナ (月曜日, 16 7月 2018 17:22)

    -教室= classroom
    -絵を描く= to draw pictures
    -大好き= love/ like a lot
    -職場で= workplace
    -話す= to speak

    (Below is part one of the homework- I will post part 2 essay after work later today)