Lesson 14 "Can I _?" " Please feel free to _." "Please refrain from _ing."

Grammar Point 1 "Can I drink some water?"

 In Japanese, if we want to ask permission to do something, we often use the following structure;

『(verb in て form)+も+いいですか?』

(verb in te form) + mo + ii desu ka?

    eg. 1-1水を飲んでいいですか? 
          (mizu o nonde mo ii desu ka?)
         — Can I drink some water?       

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

Q1. "Can I have a BBQ at a gas station?"

 →ガソリンスタンドでバーベキューをしてもいいですか?

 →gasorin sutando de bābekyū o shite mo iidesuka?

 

Q2. "Can I sleep in class?"

 →授業中寝てもいいですか?

 →jyugyou chuu netemo iidesuka?



Grammar Point 2 "Please refrain from doing __."

 In Japanese, if we want to ask someone not to do something politely, we often use the following structure; 

『(verb in dictionary form)+のは+ご遠慮ください。』

(verb in dictionary form)+nowa+goenryo kudasai.

    eg. 2-1 ここでダンスを踊る+ご遠慮ください
        (koko de dansu o odoru + nowa goenryo kudasai)
        —Please refrain from dancing here.

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

Q1. "Please refrain from having a BBQ at a gas station."

 →ガソリンスタンドでバーベキューをするのはご遠慮ください。

 →gasorin sutando de bābekyū o suru nowa goenryo kudasai.

Q2. "Please refrain from sleeping in class"

 →授業中寝るのはご遠慮ください。

 →jyugyou chuu neru nowa goenryo kudasai.



Grammar Point 3 "Please feel free to do __."

 In Japanese, if we want to tell someone to feel free to do something, we often use the following structure;

『どうぞご自由に(verb in te form)+ください。』

douzo gojiyuu ni (verb in te form)+ kudasai.

    eg. 3-1. どうぞ ご自由残業してください。
        (douzo go jiyuu ni zangyou shite kudasai)
        ---Please feel free to work overtime.

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

Q1. "Please feel free to have a BBQ at a gas station."

 →どうぞご自由にガソリンスタンドでバーベキューをしてください。

 →douzo gojiyuu ni gasorin sutando de bābekyū o shite kudasai.

Q2. "Please feel free to sleep in teacher Mitch's class"

 →どうぞご自由にミッチ先生の授業中寝てください。

 →douzo gojiyuuni micchi sensei no jyugyou chuu nete kudasai.



Additional Stuff

"Please stop doing!"

 While the phrase 『(verb in dictionary form)+nowa goenryo kudasai』sounds very formal, alternatively, you can also use the following structure. It sounds a little more direct than "goenryo kudasai" structure though it is not necessarily rude.

『(verb in dictionary form)+のはやめてください。』

(verb in dictionary form)+ nowa+yamete+kudasai.

    ここでシャワーを浴びる + やめてください
        (koko de shawā o abiru + nowa yamete kudasai)
        —Please stop taking a shower here.

"As this is a hospital..."

 When you tell someone to do something or when you tell someone not to do something, sometimes you might want to add the reason for it. In such a case, the following structure might be useful;

__から/ので...
        (__ kara/node ...)
        Because ___, ... / As ___, ...
e.g. ここは病院ですから/ので、電話をするのはご遠慮ください。
 (koko wa byouin desu kara/node, denwa o suru no wa go enryo kudasai)
-This is a hospital. Please refrain from making phone calls.


Lesson summery video: (will be available soon)




雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk topic undecided



Homework: 

1. Using the grammatical structures that we practiced today,

    -please write 3 short dialogues using "Can I __?" "Please feel free to __." & "Please refrain from __."

2. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 5 Kanji, Japanese Chinese characters. 

Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.




Words and phrases that

we (might) have used during the lesson:



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