Lesson 4 "That is a cute shirt."


Grammar Point 1 

In Japanese, to express

"OO is/am/are NOT + noun."

we often use the structure

『OOは (noun)ではありません。』

OOwa (noun) dewa arimasen.

 

    1. それは(noun)ではありません(sore wa OO dewa arimasen)。
        ---That’s not (noun).

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

 

Q1. I'm not a pig.

 →私は豚ではありません。

Q2. That is not my food.

 →それは私の食べ物ではありません。

Q3. Look, Teacher, Mitch! That is not your thing.

 →ミッチ先生、それはミッチ先生の物ではありませんよ。

 

For rōmaji or hiragana, please use the online tool "RōmajiDesu." The link is here, the second one from the top of the right column. It's very useful.→



Grammar Point 2

"adjective + noun"

    2可愛いお菓子(kawaii okashi)
        ---cute snacks
☆Explanation☆
In Japanese, the adjective comes before the noun just like English. In a language structure like this; adjective + noun, the adjective requires no changes in its form.

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

Q1. hot summer

 →暑い夏

Q2. expensive toilet paper

 →高いトイレットペーパー

Q3. cheap diamond ring

 →安いダイヤモンドリング

Q4. a crazy teacher

 →クレイジーな先生

Q5. a wild teacher

 →ワイルドな先生

Q6. a quiet teacher

 →静かな先生



Grammar Point 3

 Here is how to say;

  "Japanese snacks"

  "Chinese language"

  "American person"

        etc

    3-1日本お菓子(nihon no okashi)
        ---Japanese snacks
☆Explanation☆
『の(no)』as in『日本お菓子(nihon no okashi)』above is similar to the English "-'s." So in Japanese, if we want to say "Japanese snacks," we are literally saying something like "Japan's snacks."

    3-2日本(nihon+jin)---Japanese person/people
           literally: "Japan person"

   3-3日本(nihogo)---Japanese language
           literally: Japan language

    3-4.日本語は出来ますか?(nihon go wa dekimasu ka)

         ---Do you speak Japanese? literally: “Can you Japanese?”
                -Yes, I can=はい、出来ます。
                -No, I can’t.=いいえ、出来ません。
                -I can speak only a little.=少しだけなら出来ます。

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

A: Hello. Are you Japanese?

B: No, I'm not Japanese.

A: Where are you from?

B: I'm from Java, Indonesia. I'm Indonesian.

A: Do you speak JavaScript?

B: No. that's a computer language. I don't speak JavaScript. But I can speak Indonesian, Javanese, English, and Japanese.

A: Wow, really? Do you speak four languages?

B: Yes. I'm from Indonesia, but my mother is Japanese, and I like Japanese coffee a lot.

A→こんにちは。日本人ですか?

B→いいえ、私は日本人ではありません。

A→出身はどちらですか?

B→インドネシアのジャワ島出身です。私はインドネシア人です。

A→ジャバスクリプトは出来ますか?

B→いいえ。それはコンピュータ言語です。ジャバスクリプトは出来ません。でも、インドネシア語と、ジャバ語と、英語と日本語が出来ます。

A→おお!本当ですか?外国語が4つ出来ますか?

B→はい。私はインドネシア出身です。でも、私の母は日本人です。それから私は日本のコーヒーが大好きです。




Grammar Point 4

 In Japanese, we have two number systems; 1-Japanese-origin numbers, and 2-Chinese-origin numbers. Today, let's take a look at the Japanese-origin number system.

    4. Japanese origin numbers
1-hitotsu, 2-hutatsu, 3-mittsu, 4-yottsu, 5-itsutsu
6-muttsu, 7-nanatsu, 8-yattsu, 9-kokonotsu, 10-too
『コーヒーを三つお願いします(kōhī o mittsu onegai shimasu)。』
          — Three coffees, please.
☆Explanation☆
In Japanese, when we count number of items, you usually need to use a counter after the number (we'll discuss it in another lesson). However, the Japanese origin numbers do not take counters. 


Other Words & Phrases
-ball point pen=ボールペン(bōru pen)
-laptop computer=ノートパソコン(nōto pasokon)
-cute=可愛い(kawaii)
-big=大きい(ookii)
-small=小さい(chiisai)
-boring=つまらない(tsumaranai)
-wild=ワイルドな(wairudona)
-strange, odd=変な(hen na)
-alarm clock=目覚まし時計(mezamashi dokei)
-umbrella=傘(kasa)
-cosmetics=化粧品(keshouhin)
-nail clippers=爪切り(tsume kiri)
-toothbrush=歯ブラシ(ha burashi)
-toothpaste=歯磨き粉(ha migaki ko)
-calculator=計算機(keisan ki)

-Canada=カナダ(kanada)

-the U.S.=アメリカ合衆国(amerika gasshuukoku)

-Mexico=メキシコ(mekishiko)

-Argentina=アルゼンチン(aruzenchin)

-Brazil=ブラジル(burajiru)

-Portugal=ポルトガル(porutogaru)

-Spain=スペイン(supein)

-Italy=イタリア(itaria)

-Greece=ギリシャ(girisha)

-Turky=トルコ(toruko)

-France=フランス(huransu)

-Germany=ドイツ(doitsu)

-the U.K.=イギリス(igirisu)

-North Korea=北朝鮮(kita chousen)

-Southe Korea=韓国(kankoku)

-China=中国(chuugoku)

-Taiwan=台湾(taiwan)

-the Phillipines=フィリピン(firipin)

-Japan=日本(nihon/nippon)


Lesson summery



雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk "Tourist Spot in Japan"

日本の観光名所

 Have you ever heard of monkeys taking a bath in hot springs? In Japan, there are a few places where you can see wild monkeys take a bath in hot springs. They are called snow monkeys, the Japanese macaque, or in Japanese, ニホンザル(Nihon Zaru), and they are, amongst nonhuman primates, the species which lives in the coldest places on the planet Earth. 


 Today, I would like to talk about a tourist spot called 地獄谷温泉 (Jigokudani Onsen) / 地獄谷野猿公苑 (Jigokudani Yaen-Koen) where you can see wild snow monkeys taking a bath in hot springs really close.

 地獄谷野猿公苑 (Jigokudani Yaen-Koen) is located in Nagano prefecture, approximately 250 km (approximately 155 miles) north of Tokyo. Nagano boasts beautiful highland areas, wildlife, and rich history. You might have heard of it because in 1998, it was host to the 18th Winter Olympics. 

from Google Map

 To get to 地獄谷野猿公苑 (Jigokudani Yaen-Koen), from Narita Airport, it takes about 5 hours by car. But if you take a bullet train, or in Japanese, 新幹線(Shinkansen), you might be able to get there in 2 hours and a half. The 地獄谷野猿公苑 (Jigokudani Yaen-Koen) has an official website, and the site also has the English version. So, to get more details, please visit their site→地獄谷野猿公苑公式ホームページ(Jigokudani-Yaen-Kouen Official Site).

 Whether you decide to go there by car or by train, you will still need to do some walking because there is no road to the destination; there is only a narrow trail. On top of that, the altitude of this area is rather high. So the trail is covered by snow one third of the year. Sometimes it is quite difficult to walk on. I would say that you would probably have to walk on the trail for more than 30 minutes from the nearest car park or the bus stop. So make sure to bring good footwear for hiking because the trail can be quite muddy or sometimes completely covered by snow or ice.


 Despite its inaccessibility, hundreds and thousands of tourists from not only Japan, but also from all over the world visit 地獄谷野猿公苑 (Jigokudani Yaen-Koen) every year hoping to see wild snow monkey taking a bath in hot springs.

 Unfortunately, people cannot take a bath in hot springs together with those monkeys. We are not allowed. Besides, you wouldn’t probably like to take a bath with them anyway, in the same water where brown color things floating on the surface etc.

 However, once you walk back to the village, you’ll find public hot springs and hotels with natural hot springs everywhere. So after the long walk, it feels great to stop and take a bath in one of those places.

 It might not be an easy place to get to, but the scenery is magnificent and monkeys are so adorable; it’s worth spending all the effort to get there. So if you come to Japan, why not visit 地獄谷野猿公苑 (Jigokudani Yaen-Koen)! You won’t regret it!


By the way, interested in going on a trip? And you are not sure what's the cheap, easy and smart way to book flights, hotels, etc? Then, I highly recommend Booking.com for booking flights and hotels and even renting a car or arranging taxis.

It is one of the biggest travel-booking sites. It has a lot of photos, customer reviews, information about the area, and the navigation is really intuitive and simple. In many cases, if you have to, you can cancel your reservation without cancellation charge. Since I travel  quite often, I have used many travel sites, and I'd say that this is one of the best travel sites. Highly recommended!



Homework: 

1. Please create at least two dialogues using the language structures that we have learnt in class so far. You can use the structures that we learnt in previous lessons if you would like to. We will check your answers during the next lesson.

2. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 8 Hiragana, Japanese phonetic scripts. 

Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.

Hiragana [pronunciation] "keyboard"

ま [ma] "ma"

み [mi] "mi"

む [mu] "mu"

め [me] "me"

も [mo] "mo"

Hiragana [pronunciation] "keyboard"

や [ya] "ya"

 

ゆ [yu] "yu" 

 

よ [yo] "yo"



以下のことを守っていただければ、どなたでもお気軽にコメントを残していただけます。

Anyone can feel free to leave a comment as long as you;

 

1. 批判はしない。

do not criticize other people or other people's comments

2. 特定の個人やグループを非難・攻撃しない。

do not defame or attack a particular person or group of people

3. 語学学習に関係ないことは書かない。

do not leave comments which have nothing to do with language-learning

4. 個人を特定できる情報(メールアドレス、住所、電話番号など)は書かない。

do not write personal information such as e-mail addresses, home addresses, or telephone numbers.

以下のことを守っていただければ、どなたでもお気軽にコメントを残していただけます。

Anyone can feel free to leave a comment as long as you;

 

1. 批判はしない。

do not criticize other people or other people's comments

2. 特定の個人やグループを非難・攻撃しない。

do not defame or attack a particular person or group of people

3. 語学学習に関係ないことは書かない。

do not leave comments which have nothing to do with language-learning

4. 個人を特定できる情報(メールアドレス、住所、電話番号など)は書かない。

do not write personal information such as e-mail addresses, home addresses, or telephone numbers.

コメント: 1
  • #1

    サンドラ (金曜日, 17 8月 2018 17:52)

    おむつ = pañal
    英語 = inglés (idioma)
    一緒 = juntos
    お菓子 = merienda
    フアーウエイ = HuaWei

    A おはよう!すみません、ちょっといいですか?
    B はい、何でしょうか?
    A 今何時ですか?
    B ええ。。。今は六時です
    A ありがとうございます
    B いいえ

    C いらっしゃいませ!
    D こんにちは、すみません、これはいくらですか?
    C これは2000円です
    D これをください

    E すみません、日本語はできますか?
    F はい、できます
    E それは何ですか?花はですか?
    F それは花ではありません。それはチョコレートです。

    日本のお菓子を五つください。

    待ってください。
    教えてください。
    急いでください。

    よろしくお願いします!