Lesson 4 "That is a cute shirt."

adjective + noun


    1. それは(noun)ではありません(sore wa OO dewa arimasen)。
        ---That’s not (noun).

    2可愛いお菓子(kawaii okashi)
        ---cute snacks
☆Explanation☆
In Japanese, the adjective comes before the noun just like English. In a language structure like this; adjective + noun, the adjective requires no changes in its form.

    3日本お菓子(nihon no okashi)
        ---Japanese snacks
☆Explanation☆
『の(no)』as in『日本お菓子(nihon no okashi)』above is similar to the English "-'s." So in Japanese, if we want to say "Japanese snacks," we are literally saying something like "Japan's snacks."

    4. Japanese origin numbers
1-hitotsu, 2-hutatsu, 3-mittsu, 4-yottsu, 5-itsutsu
6-muttsu, 7-nanatsu, 8-yattsu, 9-kokonotsu, 10-too
『コーヒーを三つお願いします(kōhī o mittsu onegai shimasu)。』
          — Three coffees, please.
☆Explanation☆
In Japanese, when we count number of items, you usually need to use a counter after the number (we'll discuss it in another lesson). However, the Japanese origin numbers do not take counters. 

    5日本(nihon+jin)---Japanese person/people
           literally: "Japan person"

    6日本(nihogo)---Japanese language
           literally: Japan language


Additional Grammar & Phrases

    7.日本語はできますか?(nihon go wa dekimasu ka)
         ---Do you speak Japanese? literally: “Can you Japanese?”
                -Yes, I can=はい、できます。
                -No, I can’t.=いいえ、できません。
                -I can speak only a little.=すこしだけならできます。

    8(verb in te form)ください(kudasai)。---Please do ___.

    9『___』って何ですか(“___” tte nan desuka)?---What is “___”?



Other Words & Phrases
-ball point pen=ボールペン(bōru pen)
-laptop computer=ノートパソコン(nōto pasokon)
-cute=可愛い(kawaii)
-big=大きい(ookii)
-small=小さい(chiisai)
-boring=つまらない(tsumaranai)
-wild=ワイルドな(wairudona)
-strange, odd=変な(hen na)
-alarm clock=目覚まし時計(mezamashi dokei)
-umbrella=傘(kasa)
-cosmetics=化粧品(keshouhin)
-nail clippers=爪切り(tsume kiri)
-toothbrush=歯ブラシ(ha burashi)
-toothpaste=歯磨き粉(ha migaki ko)
-calculator=計算機(keisan ki)

Lesson summery



雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk "Tourist Spot in Japan"

日本の観光名所

 Have you ever heard of monkeys taking a bath in hot springs? In Japan, there are a few places where you can see wild monkeys take a bath in hot springs. They are called snow monkeys, the Japanese macaque, or in Japanese, ニホンザル(Nihon Zaru), and they are, amongst nonhuman primates, the species which lives in the coldest places on the planet Earth. 


 Today, I would like to talk about a tourist spot called 地獄谷温泉 (Jigokudani Onsen) / 地獄谷野猿公苑 (Jigokudani Yaen-Koen) where you can see wild snow monkeys taking a bath in hot springs really close.

 地獄谷野猿公苑 (Jigokudani Yaen-Koen) is located in Nagano prefecture, approximately 250 km (approximately 155 miles) north of Tokyo. Nagano boasts beautiful highland areas, wildlife, and rich history. You might have heard of it because in 1998, it was host to the 18th Winter Olympics. 

from Google Map

 To get to 地獄谷野猿公苑 (Jigokudani Yaen-Koen), from Narita Airport, it takes about 5 hours by car. But if you take a bullet train, or in Japanese, 新幹線(Shinkansen), you might be able to get there in 2 hours and a half. The 地獄谷野猿公苑 (Jigokudani Yaen-Koen) has an official website, and the site also has the English version. So, to get more details, please visit their site→地獄谷野猿公苑公式ホームページ(Jigokudani-Yaen-Kouen Official Site).

 Whether you decide to go there by car or by train, you will still need to do some walking because there is no road to the destination; there is only a narrow trail. On top of that, the altitude of this area is rather high. So the trail is covered by snow one third of the year. Sometimes it is quite difficult to walk on. I would say that you would probably have to walk on the trail for more than 30 minutes from the nearest car park or the bus stop. So make sure to bring good footwear for hiking because the trail can be quite muddy or sometimes completely covered by snow or ice.


 Despite its inaccessibility, hundreds and thousands of tourists from not only Japan, but also from all over the world visit 地獄谷野猿公苑 (Jigokudani Yaen-Koen) every year hoping to see wild snow monkey taking a bath in hot springs.

 Unfortunately, people cannot take a bath in hot springs together with those monkeys. We are not allowed. Besides, you wouldn’t probably like to take a bath with them anyway, in the same water where brown color things floating on the surface etc.

 However, once you walk back to the village, you’ll find public hot springs and hotels with natural hot springs everywhere. So after the long walk, it feels great to stop and take a bath in one of those places.

 It might not be an easy place to get to, but the scenery is magnificent and monkeys are so adorable; it’s worth spending all the effort to get there. So if you come to Japan, why not visit 地獄谷野猿公苑 (Jigokudani Yaen-Koen)! You won’t regret it!


By the way, interested in going on a trip? And you are not sure what's the cheap, easy and the best way to book flights, hotels, etc? Then, I highly recommend Booking.com for booking flights and hotels and even renting a car or arranging taxis.

It is one of the biggest travel-booking sites. It has a lot of photos, customer reviews, information about the area, and the navigation is really intuitive and simple. In many cases, if you have to, you can cancel your reservation without cancellation charge. Since I travel a lot, I have used many travel sites, and I'd say that this is the best travel site. Highly recommended!



Homework: 

1. Please create at least two dialogues using the language structures that we have learnt in class so far. You can use the structures that we learnt in previous lessons if you would like to. We will check your answers during the next lesson.

2. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 8 Hiragana, Japanese phonetic scripts. 

Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.

Hiragana [pronunciation] "keyboard"

ま [ma] "ma"

み [mi] "mi"

む [mu] "mu"

め [me] "me"

も [mo] "mo"

Hiragana [pronunciation] "keyboard"

や [ya] "ya"

 

ゆ [yu] "yu" 

 

よ [yo] "yo"



以下のことを守っていただければ、どなたでもお気軽にコメントを残していただけます。

Anyone can feel free to leave a comment as long as you;

 

1. 批判はしない。

do not criticize other people or other people's comments

2. 特定の個人やグループを非難・攻撃しない。

do not defame or attack a particular person or group of people

3. 語学学習に関係ないことは書かない。

do not leave comments which have nothing to do with language-learning

4. 個人を特定できる情報(メールアドレス、住所、電話番号など)は書かない。

do not write personal information such as e-mail addresses, home addresses, or telephone numbers.

以下のことを守っていただければ、どなたでもお気軽にコメントを残していただけます。

Anyone can feel free to leave a comment as long as you;

 

1. 批判はしない。

do not criticize other people or other people's comments

2. 特定の個人やグループを非難・攻撃しない。

do not defame or attack a particular person or group of people

3. 語学学習に関係ないことは書かない。

do not leave comments which have nothing to do with language-learning

4. 個人を特定できる情報(メールアドレス、住所、電話番号など)は書かない。

do not write personal information such as e-mail addresses, home addresses, or telephone numbers.

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