Lesson 18 "Oh no! I've done something silly."

Grammar Point 1 "Unfortunately, Sadly, Accidentally"


 If we use the structure

『(verb in te-form)+しまいます。』

the speaker can express their sadness, surprise, frustration, and regret over the action.

It is often translated into English as "carelessly," "regrettably, ""mistakenly," "by mistake," "accidentally," "inadvertently" "sadly" etc.

例:

 毎日ハンバーガーばかり食べていると、太りますよ。

 (mainichi hanbāgā bakari tabete iruto, hutorimasu yo.)

 ---If you just keep eating burgers, you'll get fat. 

      ↓

 毎日ハンバーガーばかり食べていると、太ってしまいますよ。

 (mainichi hanbāgā bakari tabete iruto, hutotte shimaimasu yo.)

 ---If you just keep eating burgers, you'll get fat (even if you don't want to). 

 先生、宿題を忘れました

 (sensei, shukudai o, wasuremashita.)

 ---Teacher, I forgot my homework.

      ↓

 先生、宿題を忘れてしまいました

 (sensei, shukudai o wasurete shimaimashita.)

 ---Teacher, I'm so sorry. I forgot my homework. 


Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

Q1. Teacher Mitch accidentally fell asleep in class.

 →ミッチ先生(せんせい)は授業中(じゅぎょうちゅう)寝(ね)てしまいました。

 →or ミッチ先生(せんせい)は授業中(じゅぎょうちゅう)居眠(いねむ)りをしてしまいました。

N.B. 『居眠(いねむ)りをする』="to fall asleep at work/in class"

 

Q2. Then unfortunately he got fired.

 →そしてクビになってしまいました

N.B. 『クビになる』=to get fired, to get sacked 



Grammar Point 2 Review te-form of the verb


 So the te-form of the verb has so many uses, right? Let's quickly review some of the usage of the te-form of the verb! 


    2-1. (te-form verb)+ください。---Please do ___.

        (“te-form verb” + kudasai)

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

A: Please help me with my work.

 →私(わたし)の仕事(しごと)を手伝(てつだ)ってください。

B: Please ask Mr. Tanaka.

 →田中(たなか)さんに頼(たの)んでください。

 

N.B.『頼(たの)む』=to ask someone to do something


    2-2. (te-form verb)+もいいですか?---Can I ___?

        (“te-form verb” + mo ii desu ka?)

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

A: Can I skip work tomorrow?

 →明日(あした)仕事(しごと)をサボってもいいですか?

B: Can I tell your wife about it?

 →奥(おく)さんにそのことを伝(つた)えてもいいですか?


    2-3. (te-form verb)+います。---be _ing, have been _ing

        (“te-form verb” + imasu)

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

B: My wife has been living abroad.

 →私(わたし)の妻(つま)は海外(かいがい)に住(す)んでいます

A: Oh, yeah, I know.

 →知(し)っていますよ。


    2-4. (te-form verb)+(te-form verb)+(te-form verb)+...

  do A, do B, do C ...

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

A: She went to Japan, and gained weigh. Don't you think? 

 →日本(にほん)に行(い)って、太(ふと)りましたね

B: Yes. She gained weight, and I lost weight.

 →はい、私(わたし)の妻(つま)は太(ふと)って、私(わたし)は痩(や)せました

B: She gained weight, and... oh, man! I lost weight!

 

 →妻(つま)は太(ふと)って、私(わたし)は痩(や)せてしまいました


    2-5. (te-form verb)+ない。---past tense/present perfect/continuous casual, negative

        (“te-form verb” + nai)

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

B: I haven't eaten anything for a week.

 →私(わたし)はここ一週間(いっしゅうかん)何(なに)も食(た)べてない。

B: I haven't got any money on me, either.

 →お金(かね)も全然(ぜんぜん)持(も)ってない



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Lesson summery video: (will be available soon)




雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk topic undecided



Words & Phrases that We Might Have Used in Class

-喧嘩(けんか)をする=to have a fight

-いたずらをする=to play pranks

-事故(じこ)に遭(あ)う=to have an accident

-病気(びょうき)になる=to get sick

-怒(おこ)る=to get angry

-商品(しょうひん)を盗(ぬす)む=to steal products

-寝(ね)る=to sleep, to go to bed, to fall asleep

-上(あ)げる=to raise, to throw up

-階段(かいだん)から落(お)ちる=to fall down the stairs

-傘(かさ)を忘(わす)れる=to forget an ambrella

-出(で)て行(い)く=to go out, to leave

-電車(でんしゃ)が来(く)る=the train comes



Homework: 

1. Please give me warning using the following sentences

 

 a. 働(はたら)かないと、奥(おく)さんが___しまいますよ。

     (If you don't work, you may not like it but your wife will _ .)

 b. 運動(うんどう)をしないと__しまいますよ。

     (If you don't do exercise, you will end up __)

 c. ちゃんとレッスンをしないと、__しまいますよ。

     (If you don't give me proper lessons, I/you will _.)

2. Using the grammatical structure "te-form verb+しまいました。"

-please write 5 things that you regret having done or I (Mitch) has unfortunately done. (They could be fictional.)

3. Kanji practice

-If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 5 Kanji, Japanese Chinese characters. 

Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.


To view the translation of words and phrases in English and the answers to the kanji exercise in the video, please use the cursor to highlight here↓ 

Q.1 七(なな)ほしてんとう---seven-spot ladybird 

Q.2 六(ろく)月(がつ)六(むい)日(か)---June 6th

Q.3 十(じゅう)月(がつ)十(とお)日(か)---October 10th

Q.4 九(く)月(がつ)九(ここの)日(か)---September 9th

Q.5 八(はち)月(がつ)八(よう)日(か)---August 8th

Q.6 六(むっ)つ上(うえ)のおにいさん---brother who is 6 years older

Q.7 りんご八(やっ)つ---eight apples

Q.8 七(しち)月(がつ)七(なの)日(か)---July 7th

Q.9 九(きゅう)さいの男(おとこ)の子(こ)---9-year-old boy

 



Words and phrases that

we (might) have used during the lesson:



以下のことを守っていただければ、どなたでもお気軽にコメントを残していただけます。

Anyone can feel free to leave a comment as long as you;

 

1. 批判はしない。

do not criticize other people or other people's comments

2. 特定の個人やグループを非難・攻撃しない。

do not defame or attack a particular person or group of people

3. 語学学習に関係ないことは書かない。

do not leave comments which have nothing to do with language-learning

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do not write personal information such as e-mail addresses, home addresses, or telephone numbers.

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