Grammar Point 1 "ました(mashita)"
"I/You/He/She/ etc did __."
Q.1 I went to bed at 7:30 yesterday. (literally "I slept at 7:30 yesterday.")
Q.2 I got up at 8:45 this morning.
Q.3 I watched TV for 4 hours today.
Grammar Point 2 "ませんでした(masen deshita)"
"I/You/He/She/ etc didn't ___."
Q.4 I didn't study yesterday.
Q.5 I didn't brush my teeth last night.
Q.6 I didn't go to the bathroom this morning.
Let's try to translate the example sentences above (from Q1 to Q6). Once the translation is done, please submit it in the comment section of this page below.
There was/were + humans and animals.
There was/were + objects.
Lesson summery video:
雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk "Getting Driver's License in Japan"
In Japan, the minimum legal age for driving cars is 18, and in order to get a driver's license, called 運転免許証(unten menkyoshou) in Japanese, the majority of the Japanese will go to a driving school called 教習所(kyoushuujo) to learn the traffic rules for driving and to learn how to drive a car.
When you graduate from 教習所(kyoushuujo), driving school, you will take proof of your completion of the course to the local motor vehicle licensing department called 運転免許センター(unten menkyo sentā) to get a license.
At 運転免許センター(unten menkyo sentā), the motor vehicle licensing department, first, you will take a competency test for driving. Then, if you pass it, you will take a written examination. And if you pass the written examination, you will be given a driver's license.
The cost of 教習所(kyoushuujo), driving school, is about 300,000 yen, approximately US$ 2,800, and if you attend classes three or four times a week, it will take about a month or two to graduate.
However, some schools also offer intensive courses and there you can graduate in 16 days or so. These intensive courses are often 合宿(gasshuku) style, which is like boot camps; you will stay at their facilities and attend lectures and practice driving from the morning till the evening.
And you will also need to pay approximately 5,000 yen, US$ 45.00, to have a license issued for you.
You might think that getting a driver's license in Japan is expensive. But don't worry. Japan signed the Geneva Conventions in 1953, so you can drive in Japan with an International Driving Permit (IDP) if your country has also signed the Geneva Conventions. But please be careful. The International Driving Permit is only valid for one year from the date of issue.
So if you are planning to stay in Japan for longer than a year, you might want to get a Japanese driver's license in Japan.
Sorry, I couldn't find any driving school with website in English. I will update this page if I find any. But for now, here are some links to driving schools in Japan;
And here are some sites for rent-a-car shops in Japan;
1. 全国のレンタカー最安値比較なら「レンナビ」 (site available in English)
2. たびらいレンタカー予約 (site available in English)
3. じゃらんnet (one of the Japanese biggest travel sites)
1. Using the grammatical structures that we practiced today,
-please write down 5 items that you have
-and 5 items that you don't have in your house.
2. Please create 3 sentences using the structure "There will be + (event) tomorrow." in Japanese.
3. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 8 Katakana, Japanese phonetic scripts.
Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.
Words and phrases that
we (might) have used during the lesson: