Lesson 10 『OOました。』Past Tense

 This is Lesson 10 of Beginner Japanese. But what made you decide to learn Japanese in the first place? For your career? Personal interest? Or do you have friends or family in Japan?

 By the way, I myself started learning English when I was 12 and that was because back when I was growing up, English was a mandatory subject from 7th grade. Now, in Japan, English is a mandatory subject from 5th grade, I think.

 I wasn't particularly good at English, so when I went to the US when I was 19 years old, I could barely say anything at all. In Japanese, we say;

『知らぬが仏(shiranu ga hotoke)』

"Ignorance is bliss!"


 I somehow managed to live in the U.S. for 8 years after all. Anyways, that's a brief history of my English study.

 Talking about "history,"  today, let's master the past tense in Japanese! 

Grammar Point 1 "ました(mashita)"

"I/You/He/She/ etc did __."

    To form the past tense positive, change “-masu” form into “-mashita”
 e.g. 私はパンを食べます。→私はパンを食べました
(watashi wa pan o tabe masu) → (watashi wa pan o tabe mashita)
(I eat bread.) → (I ate bread.)

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)


Q.1 I went to bed at 7:30 yesterday. (literally "I slept at 7:30 yesterday.")


Q.2 I got up at 8:45 this morning.


Q.3 I watched TV for 4 hours today. 


For rōmaji or hiragana, please use the online tool "RōmajiDesu." The link is here, the second one from the top of the right column. It's very useful.→

Grammar Point 2 "ませんでした(masen deshita)"

"I/You/He/She/ etc didn't ___."

to form the past tense negative, change “-masu” form into “-masen deshita”
 e.g. 私はパンを食べます。→私はパンを食べませんでした
 (watashi wa pan o tabe masu) → (watashi wa pan o tabe masen deshita)
(I eat bread.) → (I didn't eat bread.)

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

Q.1 I didn't study yesterday.


Q.2 I didn't brush my teeth last night.

 →昨日の夜は/昨夜は 歯を磨きませんでした。

Q.3 I didn't go to the bathroom this morning. 


For rōmaji or hiragana, please use the online tool "RōmajiDesu." The link is here, the second one from the top of the right column. It's very useful.→

Additional Stuff

There was/were + humans and animals.

 (There is/are animals/people) →(There was/were animals/people)
 e.g. 蚊がたくさんます。→蚊がたくさんました
 (ka ga takusan imasu) → (ka ga takusan imashita)
(There are many mosquitoes)→There were many mosquitoes.

There was/were + objects.

(There is/are objects/concepts/events) →(There was/were ___)
e.g. 車がたくさんいあります。→車がたくさんありました
(kuruma ga takusan arimasu) → (kuruma ga takusan arimashita)
(There are a lot of cars.) → (There were a lot of cars.)

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

A: Mitch, did you work today?

B: No. I didn't work today.

A: What happened to your work?

B: Well..I got fired.

A: Really? What happened?

B: I ditched my work 10 times this month. That's why I got fired.

A: Oh dear. Are you all right?

B: I'm all right. I will go on a journey for a while.

A: Do you have money?

B: I used to. I don't have anymore.

A: What will you do?

B: I plan to run away from my debt collector.

A: I see.




B→あの... えっと... クビになりました。












For rōmaji or hiragana, please use the online tool "RōmajiDesu." The link is here, the second one from the top of the right column. It's very useful.→

Lesson summery video:

雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk "Getting Driver's License in Japan"

 In Japan, the minimum legal age for driving cars is 18, and in order to get a driver's license, called 運転免許証(unten menkyoshou) in Japanese, the majority of the Japanese will go to a driving school called 教習所(kyoushuujo) to learn the traffic rules for driving and to learn how to drive a car.

 When you graduate from 教習所(kyoushuujo), driving school, you will take proof of your completion of the course to the local motor vehicle licensing department called 運転免許センター(unten menkyo sentā) to get a license. 

 At 運転免許センター(unten menkyo sentā), the motor vehicle licensing department, first, you will take a competency test for driving. Then, if you pass it, you will take a written examination. And if you pass the written examination, you will be given a driver's license.

 The cost of 教習所(kyoushuujo), driving school, is about 300,000 yen, approximately US$ 2,800, and if you attend classes three or four times a week, it will take about a month or two to graduate. 

 However, some schools also offer intensive courses and there you can graduate in 16 days or so. These intensive courses are often 合宿(gasshuku) style, which is like boot camps; you will stay at their facilities and attend lectures and practice driving from the morning till the evening.

 And you will also need to pay approximately 5,000 yen, US$ 45.00, to have a license issued for you.

 You might think that getting a driver's license in Japan is expensive. But don't worry. Japan signed the Geneva Conventions in 1953, so you can drive in Japan with an International Driving Permit (IDP) if your country has also signed the Geneva Conventions. But please be careful. The International Driving Permit is only valid for one year from the date of issue.

 So if you are planning to stay in Japan for longer than a year, you might want to get a Japanese driver's license in Japan. 

 Sorry, I couldn't find any driving school with website in English. I will update this page if I find any. But for now, here are some links to driving schools in Japan;

And here are some sites for rent-a-car shops in Japan;

1. 全国のレンタカー最安値比較なら「レンナビ」  (site available in English)

2. たびらいレンタカー予約 (site available in English)

3. じゃらんnet (one of the Japanese biggest travel sites)


1. Please tell me 5 things you did today. If you could include time expressions, that would be even better.

2. Please answer the following questions using full sentences;

 Q1. 昨日、日本語を8時間勉強しましたか?

   (きのう、にほんご を 8じかん べんきょう しました か?)

 Q2. 今日、お財布をなくしましたか?

   (きょう、おさいふ を なくしました か?)

 Q3. 一昨日、仕事をサボりましたか?

   (おととい、しごと を さぼりました か?)

 Q4. 今朝、ステーキを食べましたか?

   (けさ、すてーき を たべました か?)

 Q5. 昨夜、マイケル・ジョーダンとバスケットボールをしましたか?

   (さくや、まいける・じょーだん と ばすけっとぼーる を しました か?)

3. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 8 Katakana, Japanese phonetic scripts. 

Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.

Words and phrases that

we (might) have used during the lesson:

-勉強をする(benkyou o suru)—to study 
    →勉強をしました / べんきょう を しました(past tense)
-何かをする(nanika o suru)—to do something
    →何かをしました / なにか を しました(past tense)
-歯を磨く(ha o migaku)—to brush one’s teeth
    →歯を磨きました / は を みがき ました(past tense)
-嘘をつく(uso o tsuku)—to tell a lie
    →嘘をつきました(past tense)
-お金を使う(okane o tsukau)—to spend some money
    →お金を使いました / おかね を つかいました(past tense)
-トイレに行く(toire ni iku)—to go to the restroom
    →トイレに行きました / トイレ に いきました(past tense)
-家に帰る(ie ni kaeru)—to return home
    →家に帰りました / いえ に かえりました(past tense)
-シャワーを浴びる(shawā o abiru)—to take a shower
    →シャワーを浴びました / シャワー を あびました(past tense)
-テレビを見る(terebi o miru)—to watch TV
    →テレビを見ました / テレビ を みました(past tense)
-朝ごはんを食べる(asa gohan o taberu)—to eat breakfast
    →朝ごはんを食べました / あさごはん を たべました(past tense)
-どこかへ出かける(dokoka e dekakeru)—to go out to somewhere
    →どこかへ出かけました / どこか へ でかけました(past tense)
-寝る(neru)---to sleep, to go to bed 
    →寝ました / ねました(past tense)
-大学生(daigakusei)---college student
-警察官(keisatukan)---police officer
-泥棒(dorobou)---robber, thief
-医者(isha)---medical doctor


コメント: 3
  • #1

    ジーナ (月曜日, 02 7月 2018 01:54)

    -しつもん= question
    -ぐっすりねる= sleep well
    -あさ= morning
    -ひる= day
    -よる= evening
    -けっこん= wedding
    -そつぎょう= graduate
    -いっしょ= together
    -ならう より なれろ= get used to learning (practice makes perfect)
    -まあまあ です= so- so
    -しろ と くろ= white and black
    -おとこのこ= boy
    -おんなのこ= girl

    Q.1 I went to bed at 7:30 yesterday. (literally "I slept at 7:30 yesterday.")
    Q.2 I got up at 8:45 this morning.
    Q.3 I watched TV for 4 hours today.
    Q.4 I didn't study yesterday.
    Q.5 I didn't brush my teeth last night.
    Q.6 I didn't go to the bathroom this morning. 

    - テレビが一つあります。
    - テーブルが三つあります。
    - くもがたくさんいました(しかし今はくもがいません)。
    - ベジタリアンが一つ人います。
    - 猫が一ついます。
    - 学生がいません。
    - 肉がありません。
    - れいぞーこに魚がありません。
    - 農家がいません。

  • #2

    J.G (火曜日, 25 9月 2018 04:15)

    5 things I did today:

    Answering the questions posed:

  • #3

    サンドラ (木曜日, 11 10月 2018 19:10)

    寝る前 antes de dormir
    起きた後 después de levantarse
    日本語の才能があります tengo talento para el japonés
    嘘つき mentiroso
    料理/コック cocinero
    画面の前 delante de la pantalla
    やっぱり me lo esperaba
    モデル modelo
    家族 familia
    泳ぐ nadar
    水族館 acuario
    動物 animal
    オムレツ tortilla
    オムツ pañal
    泡立て器 batir/batidora


    Q1. 昨日、日本語を8時間勉強しましたか?

    Q2. 今日、お財布をなくしましたか?

    Q3. 一昨日、仕事をサボりましたか?

    Q4. 今朝、ステーキを食べましたか?

    Q5. 昨夜、マイケル・ジョーダンとバスケットボールをしましたか?