Lesson 10 『OOました。』Past Tense

Grammar Point 1 "ました(mashita)"

"I/You/He/She/ etc did __."

    To form the past tense positive, change “-masu” form into “-mashita”
『-ます→『-ました
 e.g. 私はパンを食べます。→私はパンを食べました
(watashi wa pan o tabe masu) → (watashi wa pan o tabe mashita)
(I eat bread.) → (I ate bread.)

Exercise:

Q.1 I went to bed at 7:30 yesterday. (literally "I slept at 7:30 yesterday.")

Q.2 I got up at 8:45 this morning.

Q.3 I watched TV for 4 hours today. 



Grammar Point 2 "ませんでした(masen deshita)"

"I/You/He/She/ etc didn't ___."

to form the past tense negative, change “-masu” form into “-masen deshita”
『-ます→『-ませんでした
 e.g. 私はパンを食べます。→私はパンを食べませんでした
 (watashi wa pan o tabe masu) → (watashi wa pan o tabe masen deshita)
(I eat bread.) → (I didn't eat bread.)

Exercise:

Q.4 I didn't study yesterday.

Q.5 I didn't brush my teeth last night.

Q.6 I didn't go to the bathroom this morning. 



チャレンジしてみましょう!Let's Try!

Let's try to translate the example sentences above (from Q1 to Q6). Once the translation is done, please submit it in the comment section of this page below.

 



Additional Stuff

There was/were + humans and animals.

 (There is/are animals/people) →(There was/were animals/people)
『-います(imasu)→『-ました(imashita)
 e.g. 蚊がたくさんます。→蚊がたくさんました
 (ka ga takusan imasu) → (ka ga takusan imashita)
(There are many mosquitoes)→There were many mosquitoes.

There was/were + objects.

(There is/are objects/concepts/events) →(There was/were ___)
『-あります(arimasu)→『-ありました(arimashita)
e.g. 車がたくさんいあります。→車がたくさんありました
(kuruma ga takusan arimasu) → (kuruma ga takusan arimashita)
(There are a lot of cars.) → (There were a lot of cars.)


Lesson summery video:




雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk "Getting Driver's License in Japan"

 In Japan, the minimum legal age for driving cars is 18, and in order to get a driver's license, called 運転免許証(unten menkyoshou) in Japanese, the majority of the Japanese will go to a driving school called 教習所(kyoushuujo) to learn the traffic rules for driving and to learn how to drive a car.

 When you graduate from 教習所(kyoushuujo), driving school, you will take proof of your completion of the course to the local motor vehicle licensing department called 運転免許センター(unten menkyo sentā) to get a license. 

 At 運転免許センター(unten menkyo sentā), the motor vehicle licensing department, first, you will take a competency test for driving. Then, if you pass it, you will take a written examination. And if you pass the written examination, you will be given a driver's license.

 The cost of 教習所(kyoushuujo), driving school, is about 300,000 yen, approximately US$ 2,800, and if you attend classes three or four times a week, it will take about a month or two to graduate. 

 However, some schools also offer intensive courses and there you can graduate in 16 days or so. These intensive courses are often 合宿(gasshuku) style, which is like boot camps; you will stay at their facilities and attend lectures and practice driving from the morning till the evening.

 And you will also need to pay approximately 5,000 yen, US$ 45.00, to have a license issued for you.

 You might think that getting a driver's license in Japan is expensive. But don't worry. Japan signed the Geneva Conventions in 1953, so you can drive in Japan with an International Driving Permit (IDP) if your country has also signed the Geneva Conventions. But please be careful. The International Driving Permit is only valid for one year from the date of issue.

 So if you are planning to stay in Japan for longer than a year, you might want to get a Japanese driver's license in Japan. 

 Sorry, I couldn't find any driving school with website in English. I will update this page if I find any. But for now, here are some links to driving schools in Japan;

And here are some sites for rent-a-car shops in Japan;

1. 全国のレンタカー最安値比較なら「レンナビ」  (site available in English)

2. たびらいレンタカー予約 (site available in English)

3. じゃらんnet (one of the Japanese biggest travel sites)



Homework: 

1. Using the grammatical structures that we practiced today,

    -please write down 5 items that you have

    -and 5 items that you don't have in your house.

2. Please create 3 sentences using the structure "There will be + (event) tomorrow." in Japanese.

3. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 8 Katakana, Japanese phonetic scripts. 

Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.



Words and phrases that

we (might) have used during the lesson:

-先生(sensei)---teacher
-大学生(daigakusei)---college student
-警察官(keisatukan)---police officer
-ベジタリアン(bejitarian)---vegetarian
-泥棒(dorobou)---robber, thief
-医者(isha)---medical doctor
-農家(nouka)---farmer
-勉強をする(benkyou o suru)—to study 
    →勉強をしました / べんきょう を しました(past tense)
-何かをする(nanika o suru)—to do something
    →何かをしました / なにか を しました(past tense)
-歯を磨く(ha o migaku)—to brush one’s teeth
    →歯を磨きました / は を みがき ました(past tense)
-嘘をつく(uso o tsuku)—to tell a lie
    →嘘をつきました(past tense)
-お金を使う(okane o tsukau)—to spend some money
    →お金を使いました / おかね を つかいました(past tense)
-トイレに行く(toire ni iku)—to go to the restroom
    →トイレに行きました / トイレ に いきました(past tense)
-家に帰る(ie ni kaeru)—to return home
    →家に帰りました / いえ に かえりました(past tense)
-シャワーを浴びる(shawā o abiru)—to take a shower
    →シャワーを浴びました / シャワー を あびました(past tense)
-テレビを見る(terebi o miru)—to watch TV
    →テレビを見ました / テレビ を みました(past tense)
-朝ごはんを食べる(asa gohan o taberu)—to eat breakfast
    →朝ごはんを食べました / あさごはん を たべました(past tense)
-どこかへ出かける(dokoka e dekakeru)—to go out to somewhere
    →どこかへ出かけました / どこか へ でかけました(past tense)
-寝る(neru)---to sleep, to go to bed 
    →寝ました / ねました(past tense)
-お皿(osara)---dishes
コメント: 1
  • #1

    ジーナ (月曜日, 02 7月 2018 01:54)

    -しつもん= question
    -ぐっすりねる= sleep well
    -あさ= morning
    -ひる= day
    -よる= evening
    -けっこん= wedding
    -そつぎょう= graduate
    -いっしょ= together
    -ならう より なれろ= get used to learning (practice makes perfect)
    -まあまあ です= so- so
    -しろ と くろ= white and black
    -おとこのこ= boy
    -おんなのこ= girl

    Exercise:
    Q.1 I went to bed at 7:30 yesterday. (literally "I slept at 7:30 yesterday.")
    きのうは七時半にねました
    Q.2 I got up at 8:45 this morning.
    今日は午前八時四十五分におきました。
    Q.3 I watched TV for 4 hours today.
    今日は四時間テレビを見した。
    Q.4 I didn't study yesterday.
    きのうはべんきょうませんでした。
    Q.5 I didn't brush my teeth last night.
    きのうよるにはをみがきませんでした。
    Q.6 I didn't go to the bathroom this morning. 
    今日あさトイレにちきませんでした。

    私のいいえには:
    - テレビが一つあります。
    - テーブルが三つあります。
    - くもがたくさんいました(しかし今はくもがいません)。
    - ベジタリアンが一つ人います。
    - 猫が一ついます。
    - 学生がいません。
    - 肉がありません。
    - れいぞーこに魚がありません。
    - 農家がいません。