Grammar Point 1 "Time Expressions in Japanese"
In Japanese, we have two systems of numbers;
1- Japanese-origin number,
2- Chinese-origin number.
When we talk about time, we usually use;
Chinese-origin number + seconds, minutes, hours, o'clock etc.
Grammar Point 2 "There is/are __." "I have __."
There is / are + people / animals.
In Japanese, when we want to express the idea of "There is/are __." or "I have __," "We have __" + people and animals as in;
"I have 25 brothers."←Q1
"We have a lot of pigs and donkeys in our family,"←Q2
we often use the following structure:
『(people/animals) + が/は います。』
And the negative sentence will be:
『(people/animals) + が/は いません。』
There is / are + things / events / concepts / plants etc.
And when we want to express the idea of "There is/are __." or "I have __," "We have __" + things, events, concepts, plants, food, drinks, etc, as in;
"I have a lot of debts."←Q3
"We have a doghouse outside our house for you."←Q4
"You have fungi in your desk."←Q5
"I have an interrogation this afternoon."←Q6
we often use:
『(thing/events/concepts etc) + が/は あります。』
And the negative sentence will be:
『(thing/events/concepts etc) + が/は ありません。』
Let's try to translate the example sentences above (from Q1 to Q6). Once the translation is done, please submit it in the comment section of this page below.
If you want to say "There aren't very many/much of ___." in Japanese, it will be:
Lesson summery video:
Onomatopoeia in Japanese
Japanese people use a lot of onomatopoeic expressions, words and phrases that were created to imitate the sounds or image of animals, actions, emotions, etc, such as English "meow meow," "crack crack," "cuckoo" etc.
Here are some of common onomatopoeic expressions in Japanese;
雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk "Japanese Money"
Last time, we talked about that a lot of Japanese people prefer to use cash to credit cards. So today, I would like to show you how the Japanese money looks like. First, let's start with Japanese coins.
In Japan, besides commemorative coins, we have 6 types of coins; 1-yen-, 5-yen, 10-yen, 50-yen-, 100-yen, and 500-yen coins.
Heads or Tails?
Under the Japanese law, there is no statement indicating which side of the coin is the face side or the reverse side. However, in general, many people consider the side with the value of the coin printed in Kanji to be the face side.
And then, we have four types of bills; 1,000-yen, 2,000-yen, 5,000-yen, and 10,000-yen bills. As we have talked about in the last lesson, in Japan, the Japanese use cash a lot and if you live in Japan, you will see all these coins and bills almost everyday except the 2,000-yen bills.
Since the 2,000-yen bills were introduced to the general public relatively recently, in the year 2,000, people are still not used to using the 2,000-yen bills. I have seen it only once or twice in my life.
At the moment, I don't have the 5,000-yen bills or 2,000-yen bills. So I will go to the bank and ask them for them. I am sure I can get 5,000 bills, but I am not sure if they have 2,000-yen bills or not. Let's see.
If you are from a foreign country and living in Japan for a while, from time to time, you will have occasions where you wish you had a gift or a souvenir from your country because in Japan, gift giving is really a common thing.
But don't worry even if you don't have good gifts from your country. There is a site that has a variety of items from all over the world. And you can buy imported goods from your country while you are in Japan and they will be great gifts for your in-laws, co-workers, bosses, friends, family, etc.
Do you need chocolate from your country? Maple syrup? Coffee? Cookies? Sauce? Wine? Dried fruits? You name it! This site really does have everything from all over the world.
So if you already live in Japan or if you are planning to live in Japan, why not make use of this site! It's "JTBショッピング "
Words and phrases that
we (might) have used during the lesson:
-運動をする(undou o suru)---to do physical exercise
1. Please tell me what your typical day is like using the time expressions that we have learnt in this lesson. Please write at least 10 sentences.
2. Please describe your family using "__がいます。(__ga imasu)" and "__があります(ga arimasu)." Please create at least 5 sentences for each. (it could be your imaginary family)
3. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 8 Katakana, Japanese phonetic scripts.
Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.
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