Lesson 9 1-Time expressions, 2-There is/are OO.


Grammar Point 1 "Time Expressions in Japanese"


In Japanese, we have two systems of numbers;

1- Japanese-origin number,

2- Chinese-origin number.

 

 When we talk about time, we usually use;

Chinese-origin number + seconds, minutes, hours, o'clock etc.

1時(ichi ji)
2時(ni ji)
3時(san ji)
4時(yo ji) ※we don't say "yon ji" or "shi ji"
5時(go ji)
6時(roku ji)
7時(shichi ji) ※usually it's "shichi ji" although occasionally "nana ji"
8時(hachi ji)
9時(ku ji) ※We don't say "kyuu ji"
10時(juu ji)...
1時1分(ichi ji ip pun)
1時2分(ichi ji ni hun)
1時3分(ichi ji san pun)
1時4分(ichi ji yon pun / ichi ji yon hun)
1時5分(ichi ji go hun)
1時6分(ichi ji rop pun)
1時7分(ichi ji nana hun)
1時8分(ichi ji hap pun)
1時9分(ichi ji kyuu hun)
1時10分(ichi ji jyup pun)
2時半(ni ji han)=2時30分(ni ji san jup pun)
"at 3 o'clock" = 3時(san ji ni)
"from 1:00 til 3:00" = 1時から3時まで (ichi ji kara san ji made)
"9:00 am" = 午前9時 (gozen ku ji)
"5:00 pm" = 午後5時 (gogo go ji)


Grammar Point 2 "There is/are __." "I have __."


There is / are + people / animals.

In Japanese, when we want to express the idea of "There is/are __." or "I have __," "We have __" + people and animals as in;

"I have 25 brothers."←Q1

or

"We have a lot of pigs and donkeys in our family,"←Q2

we often use the following structure:

『(people/animals) + が/は います。』

(ga/wa imasu)

And the negative sentence will be:

 

『(people/animals) + が/は いません。』

(ga/wa imasen)


There is / are + things / events / concepts / plants etc.

And when we want to express the idea of "There is/are __." or "I have __," "We have __" + things, events, concepts, plants, food, drinks, etc, as in;

"I have a lot of debts."←Q3

"We have a doghouse outside our house for you."←Q4

"You have fungi in your desk."←Q5

"I have an interrogation this afternoon."←Q6

we often use:

『(thing/events/concepts etc) + が/は あります。』

(ga/wa arimasu)

And the negative sentence will be:

 

『(thing/events/concepts etc) + が/は ありません。』

(ga/wa arimasen)


チャレンジしてみましょう!Let's Try!

Let's try to translate the example sentences above (from Q1 to Q6). Once the translation is done, please submit it in the comment section of this page below.

 


If you want to say "There aren't very many/much of ___." in Japanese, it will be:

 

    1. “There is/are not many + animals/people."
            OOあまりいません。(OO wa amari imasen.)
    2. “There is/are not many/much + objects/concepts/events."
            OOあまりありません。( OO wa amari arimasen.)
            ---There is/are not many/much OO.


Lesson summery video:




Additional Stuff

Onomatopoeia in Japanese

Japanese people use a lot of onomatopoeic expressions, words and phrases that were created to imitate the sounds or image of animals, actions, emotions, etc, such as English "meow meow," "crack crack," "cuckoo" etc.

Here are some of common onomatopoeic expressions in Japanese;

-猫がニャンニャン鳴く---cats go “meow meow” 
(neko ga nyan nyan naku)
-羊がメーメー鳴く---sheep go “baa baa”
(hitsuji ga mē mē naku)
-犬がワンワン鳴く---dogs go “woof woof”
(inu ga wan wan naku)
-牛がモーモー鳴く---cows go “moo moo”
(ushi ga mō mō naku)
-豚がブーブー鳴く---pigs go “oink oink”
(buta ga bū bū naku)
-ニワトリがコケコッコーと鳴く---roosters go “cocka-a-doodle-doo”
(niwatori ga kokekokkō to naku)
-小鳥がチュンチュン鳴く---little birds go “squeak-squeak”
(kotori ga chun chun naku)
-ネズミがチューチュー鳴く---mice go “tweet tweet”
(nezumi ga chū chū naku)

雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk "Japanese Money"

 Last time, we talked about that a lot of Japanese people prefer to use cash to credit cards. So today, I would like to show you how the Japanese money looks like. First, let's start with Japanese coins.

 In Japan, besides commemorative coins, we have 6 types of coins; 1-yen-, 5-yen, 10-yen, 50-yen-, 100-yen, and 500-yen coins. 

 Heads or Tails?

 Under the Japanese law, there is no statement indicating which side of the coin is the face side or the reverse side. However, in general, many people consider the side with the value of the coin printed in Kanji to be the face side.


 And then, we have four types of bills; 1,000-yen, 2,000-yen, 5,000-yen, and 10,000-yen bills. As we have talked about in the last lesson, in Japan, the Japanese use cash a lot and if you live in Japan, you will see all these coins and bills almost everyday except the 2,000-yen bills. 

 Since the 2,000-yen bills were introduced to the general public relatively recently, in the year 2,000, people are still not used to using the 2,000-yen bills. I have seen it only once or twice in my life.


 At the moment, I don't have the 5,000-yen bills or 2,000-yen bills. So I will go to the bank and ask them for them. I am sure I can get 5,000 bills, but I am not sure if they have 2,000-yen bills or not. Let's see. 


 If you are from a foreign country and living in Japan for a while, from time to time, you will have occasions where you wish you had a gift or a souvenir from your country because in Japan, gift giving is really a common thing. 

 But don't worry even if you don't have good gifts from your country. There is a site that has a variety of items from all over the world. And you can buy imported goods from your country while you are in Japan and they will be great gifts for your in-laws, co-workers, bosses, friends, family, etc. 

 Do you need chocolate from your country? Maple syrup? Coffee? Cookies? Sauce? Wine? Dried fruits? You name it! This site really does have everything from all over the world.

 So if you already live in Japan or if you are planning to live in Japan, why not make use of this site! It's "JTBショッピング "



Words and phrases that

we (might) have used during the lesson:

-運動をする(undou o suru)---to do physical exercise

-ピアノの練習をする (piano no renshuu o suru)---to practice the piano
-部屋を掃除する (heya o souji suru)---to clean the room
-昼寝をする (hirune o suru)---to take a nap
-夕食の準備をする(yuushoku no junbi o suru)---to prepare dinner
-犬の散歩をする (inu no sanpo o suru)---to take the dog for a walk
-家に帰る (ie ni kaeru)---to go home
-お風呂に入る (ohuro ni hairu)---to take a bath
-歯を磨く (ha o migaku)---to brush one's teeth
-寝る (neru)---to sleep, to go to bed
-起きる (okiru)---to get up
-朝ごはんを食べる (asa gohan o taberu)---to eat breakfast
-シャワーを浴びる (shawā o abiru)---to take a shower


Homework: 

1. Please tell me what your typical day is like using the time expressions that we have learnt in this lesson. Please write at least 10 sentences.

2. Please describe your family using "__がいます。(__ga imasu)" and "__があります(ga arimasu)." Please create at least 5 sentences for each. (it could be your imaginary family)

3. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 8 Katakana, Japanese phonetic scripts. 

Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.


以下のことを守っていただければ、どなたでもお気軽にコメントを残していただけます。

Anyone can feel free to leave a comment as long as you;

 

1. 批判はしない。

do not criticize other people or other people's comments

2. 特定の個人やグループを非難・攻撃しない。

do not defame or attack a particular person or group of people

3. 語学学習に関係ないことは書かない。

do not leave comments which have nothing to do with language-learning

4. 個人を特定できる情報(メールアドレス、住所、電話番号など)は書かない。

do not write personal information such as e-mail addresses, home addresses, or telephone numbers.



コメント: 1
  • #1

    ジーナ (水曜日, 27 6月 2018 16:27)

    -OOが いち ばん すき です。= _______is/ are my favourite.
    -わたし の がっこう には= in my school
    -デスク の うえ には= on my desk
    -ときどき= sometimes
    -わたし の いえ には= in my house

    わたしのかぞくで多い人はいます。八りょうしんはいます。二十きょうだいはいます。十五にいさんと十______はいます。しまいではいません。
    わたしのいえにはさらに三十五ボールペンはあります、四レントゲン、十一れいぞーこはあります。でんわではありません。ときどき多いバナナはあります。