Lesson 23 Passive voice "My wallet was stolen"

Grammar Point 1 

 In Japanese, to form the passive voice, first, we need to get the passive form of the verb. Here is how to change the dictionary form of the verb into the passive form;


 change する → される


-万引(まんび)きする(to shoplift)

 →万引(まんび)きされる(to be shoplifted)

-恐喝(きょうかつ)する(to blackmail)

 →恐喝(きょうかつ)される(to be blackmailed)

-浮気(うわき)する(to cheat on someone)

 →浮気される(to be cheated on by someone)

group 1 verbs

 First, get the "ない" form of the verb.

 Then, replace "ない" with "れる"


-飲(の)む(to drink)→飲ない

  →飲(の)れる(to be drunk)

-出(で)て行(い)く(to go out, to leave)→出て行ない

  →出て行れる(to be left, to be abandoned)

-盗(ぬす)む(to steal)→盗ない

  →れる(to be stolen)

group 2 verbs

 change "る" → "られる"


-教(おし)える(to teach, to tell)

 →教えられる(to be taught, to be told)

-見(み)る(to see, to watch)

 →られる(to be seen, to be watched)

-食(た)べる(to eat)

 →食べられる(to be eaten)

 And then, treat them as if they were -る ending verbs(group 2 verbs)

If it is in the future,(e.g. Your bicycles will be stolen.)

-change it into the "ます" form for the positive sentence 

-change it into the "ません" form for the negative sentence

If it is in the present or in progress, (e.g. Many bikes are stolen here every day.)

-change it into the "ています" form for the positive sentence 

-change it into the "ていません" form for the negative sentence

If it is in the past, (e.g. My bicycle was stolen here yesterday.)

-change it into the "ました" form for the positive sentence 

-change it into the "ませんでした" form for the negative sentence

and so forth.

 by whom?


If you want to say "by whom" or "by what," use "__に."


 I was dumped by my girlfriend.


Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)


Q1. We get shoplifted everyday. (Oh, no! That sounds terrible)


(まいにち まんびき されます。)

Hint: "する" verb

to shoplift=万引(まんび)きする

→to be shoplifted=万引きされる

Q2. In Japan, Latin is spoken.

(No, actually Japanese is the language spoken in Japan!)


(にほん では ラテンご が はなされています。)

Q3. I have been bitten by a dog once. 

(Yes, that's me when I was 7 or 8.)


(わたし は いぬ に かまれた こと が あります。)

Q4. I was not loved (-_-;).

(Oh dear, あらま〜、なんてこったい!)


(わたし は あいされて いません でした。)

Q5. I like to be watched.

(Please don't ask me what that means. Maybe this person is an actor or a model.)


(わたし は みられる のが すき です。)

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Additional Stuff 1

I think it will rain tomorrow.

 In Japanese, when we want to express the idea of "I think OO will + verb" like

"I think it will rain tomorrow" or

"I think I will go."

we often use the following structure;

『OOは/が(verb in dict form) + と思(おも)います。』

I think that it will rain tomorrow.


I think that I will go to school tomorrow.



In the second example sentence 『明日は学校に行くと思います。』, it is not very clear who goes to school tomorrow. So if you want to be clearer, you can also say;




Lesson summery video: (will be available soon)

雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk topic undecided

Words & Phrases that We Might Have Used in Class


1. Please answer to the following questions in Japanese:

 Q1. 動物に攻撃されたことはありますか?

  どうぶつ に こうげき された こと は ありますか?

  (Have you ever been attached by an animal?)

Q2. 犬に吠えられたことはありますか?

  いぬ に ほえられた こと は ありますか?

  (Have you ever been barked by a dog?)

Q3. よく蚊に刺されますか?

  よく か に さされます か?

  (Do you often get mosquito bites?)

Q4. 東京スカイツリーは何年に一般公開されましたか?

  とうきょう スカイツリー は なんねん に いっぱんこうかい されました か?

  (In what year was Tokyo Skytree open to the public?) 

  (The answer can be found in the article 東京スカイツリー in Lesson 14)

Q5. ジロジロ見られるのが好きですか?

  ジロジロ みられる の が すき です か?

  (Do you like to be stared at?)

2. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 5 Kanji, Japanese Chinese characters. 

Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.

To view the translation of words and phrases in English and the answers to the kanji exercise in the video, please use the cursor to highlight here↓ 

Q.1 校(こう)てい で サッカー を する---to play football (soccer) in the school ground

Q.2 文子(ふみ こ)さん(女の子 の なまえ)---Fumiko (a common Japanese name for women)

Q.3 がいこくご を 学(まな)ぶ---to learn foreign languages

Q.4 じょう文(もん)じだい(にほん の ずっと むかし の じだい)---The Jōmon period in Japan (as early as 14,500 BC to about 300 BC)

Q.5 大学生(だい がく せい)---university student

Q.6 本村(もと むら)さん(人のみょうじ)---Motomura (a common last name)

Q.7 すう字(じ)---number

Q.8 学校(がっ こう)---school

Q.9 え本(ほん)---picture books

Q.10 かん字(じ)---Kanji

Q.11 一学(いち がっ)き---first semester/trimester

Q.12 文(ぶん)ぼうぐ---stationery


Anyone can feel free to leave a comment as long as you;


1. 批判はしない。

do not criticize other people or other people's comments

2. 特定の個人やグループを非難・攻撃しない。

do not defame or attack a particular person or group of people

3. 語学学習に関係ないことは書かない。

do not leave comments which have nothing to do with language-learning

4. 個人を特定できる情報(メールアドレス、住所、電話番号など)は書かない。

do not write personal information such as e-mail addresses, home addresses, or telephone numbers.

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