『How many』in Japanese
In Japanese, when we want to say "how many," we need to use the appropriate counter. In English we do have counters, examples of such are;
-"glasses" as in "how many classes of water"
-"pairs" as in "how many pairs of shoes"
-"pieces" as in "how many pieces of crap" etc.
However, while in English, not all the nouns take counters, in Japanese, pretty much all the nouns take counters. So here is some examples of "How many + noun" in Japanese
List of counters in Japanese in combination with 『何(なん): what』
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『How much』in Japanese
If we are talking about the price of something, in Japanese we say;
『何円(なんえん)』←if the currency is Yen
『何ドル(なんどる)』←if the currency is dollars
『何マルク』←if the currency is Mark
『何ユーロ』←if the currency is Euro
『何ポンド』←if the currency is pounds
If we are talking about the quantity of something (as well as the duration of something), we say;
How much beer do you drink every day?
How long should I wait for you?
『How old』in Japanese
As in "How old are you?", we have several ways, but the most common one would be;
How old are you?
※『おいくつですか？』sounds politer than 『いくつですか？』
『何歳(なんさい)』is another word for "how old" as in "How old are you?" It literally means "what age"
『How tall』in Japanese
is the combination of "身長(しんちょう)は" and "どのくらい/おいくつ" if we are talking about a person's body hight. 『身長(しんちょう)』means "body hight"
How tall are you?
---literally "How tall are you in centimeters?"
But if you are talking about the hight of a building, it will be
"高(たか)さは何(なん)メートル"---literally "how tall in meters"
Please create your own sentences using 20 of these question words above. We will check your answers during the next lesson.
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