3-24. "How many" "How much" "How old" "How tall" in Japanese

How manyin Japanese

In Japanese, when we want to say "how many," we need to use the appropriate counter. In English we do have counters, examples of such are;

-"glasses" as in "how many classes of water"

-"pairs" as in "how many pairs of shoes"

-"pieces" as in "how many pieces of crap" etc.

 

However, while in English, not all the nouns take counters, in Japanese, pretty much all the nouns take counters. So here is some examples of "How many + noun" in Japanese

 

List of counters in Japanese in combination with 『何(なん): what』

※not everything

1. 何人(なんにん)---how many people
2. 何名(なんめい)---how many people (formal)
3. 何個(なんこ)---how many (talking about small or round items )
4. 何冊(なんさつ)---how many books
5. 何ヶ国(なんかこく)---how many countries
6. 何ヶ国語(なんかこくご)---how many languages
7. 何台(なんだい)---how many cars/bicycles/machines/laundry machines/vacuum cleaner etc.
8. 何匹(なんびき)---how many cats/dogs/insects/fish/small animals
9. 何頭(なんとう)---how many cows/horses/sheep etc
10. 何羽(なんわ)---how many birds/rabbits
何本(なんほん/なんぼん)---how many bottles/pens/sticks/guitars/trees/bamboos/flowers (with the stems)
11. 何秒(なんびょう)---how many seconds
12. 何分(なんぷん/なんふん)---how many minutes
13. 何時間(なんじかん)---for how many hours
14. 何日間(なんにちかん)---for how many days
15. 何週間(なんしゅうかん)---for how many weeks
16. 何ヶ月間(なんかげつかん)---for how many months
17. 何年間(なんねんかん)---for how many years
18. 何回(なんかい)---how many times
19. 何度(なんど)---how many times, what degree
20. 何倍(なんばい)---how many times more
21. 何杯(なんはい/なんばい)---how many cups/glasses
22. 何枚(なんまい)---how many sheets/plates/shirts
23. 何階(なんかい)---how many floors
24. 何番(なんばん)---what number
25. 何着(なんちゃく)---how many suits
26. 何歩(なんぽ)---how many steps
27. 何行(なんぎょう)---how many lines of words
28. 何列(なんれつ)---how many lines of cars/people/tables etc
29. 何錠(なんじょう)---how many pills/capsules
30. 何粒(なんつぶ)---how many grains
31. 何画(なんかく)---how many strokes (talking about Kanji)
32. 何件(なんけん)---how many events/abstruct matters
33. 何軒(なんけん)---how many houses
34. 何機(なんき)---how many airplanes/machines
35. 何切れ(なんきれ)---how many slices of bread/cake
36. 何組(なんくみ)---how many pairs/groups of people
37. 何問(なんもん)---how many questions
38. 何ページ(なんぺーじ)---how many pages / what page
39. 何社(なんしゃ)---how many companies
40. 何足(なんそく)---how many pair or shoes/socks
41. 何体(なんたい)---how many dead bodies/statues
42. 何滴(なんてき)---how many drops of liquid


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How muchin Japanese

If we are talking about the price of something, in Japanese we say;

『いくら』←generic word

『何円(なんえん)』←if the currency is Yen

『何ドル(なんどる)』←if the currency is dollars

『何マルク』←if the currency is Mark

『何ユーロ』←if the currency is Euro

『何ポンド』←if the currency is pounds

etc.

 

If we are talking about the quantity of something (as well as the duration of something), we say;

『どれくらい』

eg.

1. 毎日(まいにち)どれくらいビールを飲(の)みますか?

How much beer do you drink every day?

 

2. 私(わたし)はあなたをどれだけ待(ま)てばいいんですか?

How long should I wait for you?

 


How oldin Japanese

As in "How old are you?", we have several ways, but the most common one would be; 

『いくつ』

 

eg.

 おいくつですか?

How old are you? 

※『おいくつですか?』sounds politer than 『いくつですか?』 

 

『何歳(なんさい)』is another word for "how old" as in "How old are you?" It literally means "what age"


How tallin Japanese

is the combination of "身長(しんちょう)は" and "どのくらい/おいくつ"  if we are talking about a person's body hight. 『身長(しんちょう)』means "body hight"

 

eg.

身長(しんちょう)はどのくらいですか? or

身長(しんちょう)はおいくつですか?

 

How tall are you? 

or 

身長(しんちょう)は何(なん)センチですか?

     ---literally "How tall are you in centimeters?"

 

But if you are talking about the hight of a building, it will be

"高(たか)さはどれくらい" or

"高(たか)さは何(なん)メートル"---literally "how tall in meters"

 


Homework: 

Please create your own sentences using 20 of these question words above. We will check your answers during the next lesson.



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