Grammar Point 1 "Please do ___."
In Japanese, if you want to ask someone to do something, we often use the following structure;
『(verb in te form) + ください(kudasai).』
1. 座る(suwaru)=to sit down
『Please sit down.』
2. 食べる(taberu)=to eat
『Please eat more.』
もっと(motto) 食べて(tabete) + ください(kudasai)
3. 来る(kuru)=to come
『Please come here.』
※こっち=towards this way
Here is how to get the "te form" of the verb
from the "dictionary form":
Once, Twice, Three times, Four times...
So now, since we have learnt how to say "Please do __." in Japanese, let me introduce you this very useful phrase, which is;
The word "もう(mou)" literally means "already."
And here is how to say "once," "twice," "three times" etc in Japanese.
①Chinese origin number + 回(kai)
１回 (ik kai)
２回 (ni kai)
３回 (san kai)
４回 (yon kai)
５回 (go kai)
６回 (rok kai)
７回 (nana kai)
８回 (hak kai)
９回 (kyuu kai)
１０回 (juk kai)
１１回 (juu ik kai)
１２回 (juu ni kai)
１３回 (juu san kai)
何回も (nan kai mo) = many times
②Chinese origin number + 度(do)
１度 (ichi do)
２度 (ni do)
３度 (san do)
４度 (yon do)
５度 (go do)
６度 (roku do)
７度 (nana do)
８度 (hachi do)
９度 (ku do)
１０度 (juu do)
１１度 (juu ichi do)
１２度 (juu ni do)
１３度 (juu san do)
何度も (nan do mo) = many times
And here is how to say "once a day," "twice a week," "three times a month" etc in Japanese.
-１日(に)１回 / ichi nichi (ni) i kkai—once a day
The Japanese use a lot of onomatopoeic expressions in everyday life. So let me introduce you some of the most common ones.
Lesson summery video:
雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk topic "Cash vs Credit Card"
A lot of people asked me how much cash they should have on them when they come to Japan for sightseeing. Well, this is rather a tricky question. It all depends on how much money you might be spending while you are traveling in Japan.
However, I must say that in Japan, there are a lot of places where they do not accept credit cards, let alone foreign currencies. So I would say that you should at least have 10,000 yen to 20,000 yen (equivalent to approximately US$100.00 to US$200.00) with you all the time.
The reason is that many restaurants and public transportation services do not accept credit cards, but foods and transportation are vital things while you are traveling. And if you have 20,000 yen in cash, it will likely be enough in most cases for a day.
Of course, it all depends on where you go, what you do, and who you go with. But on a typical weekend or holiday, when I go on a picnic or to an amusement park with my family (two children, my wife, and me) or things like that, 20,000 yen or so in cash is the amount of money I would usually take with me. And as far as the amount of the cash is concerned, it has pretty much always been enough, although I use my credit card whenever possible.
I do not know exactly why a lot of Japanese people prefer to use cash instead of credit cards. But probably, one reason is that Japan is relatively a safe country; you'll see many people sleeping on trains, and their wallets are often showing. But nobody seems to care about it or dare to steal them.
Following are some examples of places where you might have to use cash to pay for the services;
-Fast food restaurants
-Small local cafés and restaurants
-Traditional Japanese hotels called 旅館(ryokan)
-Public transportation services, such as trains, buses, and taxis
-Admission fees for some tourist spots, such as flower parks, small zoos, etc.
-Small souvenir shops
-Clinics and hospitals
Travel Tips: "SIM free mobile phones and free WiFi in Japan"
Another thing that you might want to know before you come to Japan is that SIM free mobile phones and public WiFi are not very common although there are more and more places offering free WiFi services these days.
So if you are traveling in Japan for a couple of weeks or so, you might want to arrange a prepaid SIM before you come to Japan. For security purpose, in Japan, you can NOT simply go to a store and purchase a prepaid SIM. And without a SIM card, you cannot really use your phone to make or receive phone calls, surf the Internet, or use your map app to find out locations. That will be a lot of trouble.
So one option is to rent a mobile WiFi router. I found a site where you can rent a mobile WiFi router for a really reasonable price. You order online, pick up the device at the airport when you arrive, and return it at the airport when you leave. The site is in English, Korean, Chinese, and Japanese. It's this site↓
Please note! During the high seasons, they might rent out all the devices that they have, so you might want to order one as soon as you booked a flight.
And if you are planning to live in Japan for a longer time, I would definitely recommend you "【WiMAX2+】 " for your mobile and Internet services. This is one of the cheapest mobile phone service providers in Japan and you can also get a WiFi router, too.
Words and phrases that
we (might) have used during the lesson:
1. You know how naughty I am, right? So please tell me 5 things that you want me to do using "verb in te form + ください(kudasai)" structure. Don't worry, I won't get upset whatever you say. So please use your creativity (^_^)!
2. Please answer to the following questions in Japanese.
i. How many times in a week do you study Japanese?
ii. How many meals do you usually have on a typical day?
※to have a meal=食事をする(shokuji o suru)
iii. How many times in a week do you visit this site?
※to visit this site=このサイトを訪れる (kono saito o otozureru)
iv. How many times a day do you look at yourself in the mirror?
※to look at oneself in the mirror=鏡を見る(kagami o miru)
v. How many times a day do you dance hula?
※to dance hula=フラダンスを踊る(hura dansu o odoru)
3. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 10 Katakana, Japanese phonetic scripts.
Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.
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