Lesson 8 "Please sit down." 『座ってください』


Grammar Point 1 "Please do ___."


In Japanese, if you want to ask someone to do something, we often use the following structure;

『(verb in te form) + ください(kudasai).』

eg. 

1. 座る(suwaru)=to sit down

『Please sit down.』

 →座って(suwatte)+ください(kudasai)。

 

2. 食べる(taberu)=to eat

『Please eat more.』

 もっと(motto) 食べ(tabete) + ください(kudasai)

 ※もっと=more

 

3. 来る(kuru)=to come

『Please come here.』

 こっちに(kocchi)来(kite)+ください(kudasai)。

 ※こっち=towards this way

 


Here is how to get the "te form" of the verb

from the "dictionary form":

『OOする verbs』(suru verbs)
    する→して 
    (suru → shite)
『Group 1 verbs』
e.g. 頑張→頑張+って(ganbaru → gamba+tte)---do one’s best
e.g. 言→言+って (iu→i+tte)---to say
e.g. 急→急+いで(isogu→iso+ide)---to hurry
『Group 2 verbs』
e.g. 教え→教え+(oshieru→ oshie+te)---to do one’s best
e.g. 開け→開け+ (akeru→ake+te)---to open something
e.g. 起き→起き+(okiru→oki+te)---to get up
『Irregular verb』
e.g. 来→来+(kuru→ ki+te)---to come

Once, Twice, Three times, Four times...

So now, since we have learnt how to say "Please do __." in Japanese, let me introduce you this very useful phrase, which is;

 

もう1回言ってください。
(mou ikkai itte kudasai)
or
もう1度言ってください。
(mou ichido itte kudasai)
"Could you repeat that?" "Come again, please?"
"Could you say that one more time?" etc.

The word "もう(mou)" literally means "already."

And here is how to say "once," "twice," "three times" etc in Japanese.

①Chinese origin number + (kai)

1回  (ik kai)

2回  (ni kai)

3回  (san kai)

4回  (yon kai)

5回  (go kai)

6回  (rok kai)

7回  (nana kai)

8回  (hak kai)

9回  (kyuu kai)

10回 (juk kai)

11回 (juu ik kai)

12回 (juu ni kai)

13回 (juu san kai)

 

何回も (nan kai mo) = many times

etc

②Chinese origin number + 度(do)

1度  (ichi do)

2度  (ni do)

3度  (san do)

4度  (yon do)

5度  (go do)

6度  (roku do)

7度  (nana do)

8度  (hachi do)

9度  (ku do)

10度 (juu do)

11度 (juu ichi do)

12度 (juu ni do)

13度 (juu san do)

 

何度も (nan do mo) = many times

etc



And here is how to say "once a day," "twice a week," "three times a month" etc in Japanese.

        -1日(に)1回 / ichi nichi (ni) i kkai—once a day

 

        -週(に)2回 / shuu (ni) ni kai—once a week
   (or 1週間に2回/ is shuukan ni ni kai)

 

        -月(に)3回 / tuki (ni) san kai—three times a month
   (or 1ヶ月に3回/ ik kagetu ni san kai)

 

        -年(に)4回 / nen (ni) yon kai—four times a year
   (or 1年に4回/ ichi nen ni yon kai)

 

※Instead of "回(kai)," you can also use "度(do) here."

Additional Stuff

The Japanese use a lot of onomatopoeic expressions in everyday life. So let me introduce you some of the most common ones.

 

-日本語をペラペラと話す---to speak Japanese fluently
(nihongo o perapera to hanasu)
-疲れてへとへとです。---is/am/are tired and exhausted 
(tsukarete hetoheto desu.)
-どんどん始める---to get started quickly 
(dondon hajimeru)
-すたすた歩く---to walk hurriedly 
(sutasuta aruku)
-のろのろ歩く---to walk slowly 
(noronoro aruku)
-ひそひそ話をする---to have a whispered conversation
(hisohiso banashi o suru)
-くらくらする---to feel dizzy
(kurakura suru)
-ドキドキする---to get nervous
(dokidoki suru)  

Lesson summery video:



雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk topic "Cash vs Credit Card"

 A lot of people asked me how much cash they should have on them when they come to Japan for sightseeing. Well, this is rather a tricky question. It all depends on how much money you might be spending while you are traveling in Japan.

 However, I must say that in Japan, there are a lot of places where they do not accept credit cards, let alone foreign currencies. So I would say that you should at least have 10,000 yen to 20,000 yen (equivalent to approximately US$100.00 to US$200.00) with you all the time.

 The reason is that many restaurants and public transportation services do not accept credit cards, but foods and transportation are vital things while you are traveling. And if you have 20,000 yen in cash, it will likely be enough in most cases for a day. 

 Of course, it all depends on where you go, what you do, and who you go with. But on a typical weekend or holiday, when I go on a picnic or to an amusement park with my family (two children, my wife, and me) or things like that, 20,000 yen or so in cash is the amount of money I would usually take with me. And as far as the amount of the cash is concerned, it has pretty much always been enough, although I use my credit card whenever possible.

 I do not know exactly why a lot of Japanese people prefer to use cash instead of credit cards. But probably, one reason is that Japan is relatively a safe country; you'll see many people sleeping on trains, and their wallets are often showing. But nobody seems to care about it or dare to steal them.

Following are some examples of places where you might have to use cash to pay for the services;

-Fast food restaurants

-Small local cafés and restaurants

-Traditional Japanese hotels called 旅館(ryokan)

-Public transportation services, such as trains, buses, and taxis

-Admission fees for some tourist spots, such as flower parks, small zoos, etc.

-Food stands

-Small souvenir shops

-Kiosk

-Post office

-Clinics and hospitals

-Vending machines

-street performers

etc.


Travel Tips: "SIM free mobile phones and free WiFi in Japan"

 Another thing that you might want to know before you come to Japan is that SIM free mobile phones and public WiFi are not very common although there are more and more places offering free WiFi services these days.

 So if you are traveling in Japan for a couple of weeks or so, you might want to arrange a prepaid SIM before you come to Japan. For security purpose, in Japan, you can NOT simply go to a store and purchase a prepaid SIM. And without a SIM card, you cannot really use your phone to make or receive phone calls, surf the Internet, or use your map app to find out locations. That will be a lot of trouble.

 So one option is to rent a mobile WiFi router. I found a site where you can rent a mobile WiFi router for a really reasonable price. You order online, pick up the device at the airport when you arrive, and return it at the airport when you leave. The site is in English, Korean, Chinese, and Japanese. It's this site↓

Cheap Unlimited Internet in Japan!【NINJA WiFi】

 Please note! During the high seasons, they might rent out all the devices that they have, so you might want to order one as soon as you booked a flight.

 And if you are planning to live in Japan for a longer time, I would definitely recommend you "【WiMAX2+】 " for your mobile and Internet services. This is one of the cheapest mobile phone service providers in Japan and you can also get a WiFi router, too. 


Words and phrases that

we (might) have used during the lesson:

 

-洗たくをする (sentaku o suru)---to do the laundry
-部屋を掃除する (souji o suru)---to clean the room
-運動をする (undou o suru)---to do exercise
-残業をする (zan gyou o suru)---to work overtime
-頑張る (ganbaru)---to do one’s best
-警察を呼ぶ (keisatsu o yobu)---to call the police
-待つ (matsu)---to wait
-急ぐ (isogu)---to hurry
-日本語を教える (nihongo o oshieru)---to teach Japanese
-ゆっくりと話す (yukkuri to hanasu)---to speak slowly
-座る (suwaru)---to sit down
-トイレに行く (toire ni iku)---to go to the restroom
-お金を持って来る (okane o motte kuru)---to bring some money
-考える (kangaeru)---to think
-車を止める (kuruma o tomeru)---to stop the car
-起きる (okiru)---to get up

Homework: 

1. You know how naughty I am, right? So please tell me 5 things that you want me to do using "verb in te form + ください(kudasai)" structure. Don't worry, I won't get upset whatever you say. So please use your creativity (^_^)!

2. Please answer to the following questions in Japanese.

 i. How many times in a week do you study Japanese?

 ii. How many meals do you usually have on a typical day?

  ※to have a meal=食事をする(shokuji o suru) 

 iii. How many times in a week do you visit this site?

  ※to visit this site=このサイトを訪れる (kono saito o otozureru)

 iv. How many times a day do you look at yourself in the mirror?

  ※to look at oneself in the mirror=鏡を見る(kagami o miru)

 v. How many times a day do you dance hula?

  ※to dance hula=フラダンスを踊る(hura dansu o odoru)

3. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 10 Katakana, Japanese phonetic scripts. 

Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.


以下のことを守っていただければ、どなたでもお気軽にコメントを残していただけます。

Anyone can feel free to leave a comment as long as you;

 

1. 批判はしない。

do not criticize other people or other people's comments

2. 特定の個人やグループを非難・攻撃しない。

do not defame or attack a particular person or group of people

3. 語学学習に関係ないことは書かない。

do not leave comments which have nothing to do with language-learning

4. 個人を特定できる情報(メールアドレス、住所、電話番号など)は書かない。

do not write personal information such as e-mail addresses, home addresses, or telephone numbers.

コメント: 1
  • #1

    ジーナ (木曜日, 14 6月 2018 23:16)

    だいじょうぶ です。= I’m ok
    -すこし/ちょっと= a little bit
    -3かい くらい= about/ approximately 3 times
    -りょこう= travel
    -ノルウェー語(ご)= Norwegian
    -えいが を みる= to see a film
    -しょくじ を する= to have a meal
    -言(い)う= to say
    -いただきます。= phrase used before eating/ to accept something
    -毒(どく)= poison
    -自分(じぶん)で= by yourself
    -やめてください!(<)やめる= stop it!

    1. 一日一回日本語をべんきょうをします。
    2. 一日三回しょくじをします。
    3. 週に三回このサイトをおとずれます。
    4. 一日に三回かがみを見ます。
    5. ぜんぜんフラダンスをおどません!