Lesson 17 "You look happy!"


Grammar Focus 1 : "うれし そう にみえる(You look happy.)"

If you want to express the idea of "You look happy," "He looks sad," "She looks kind," "It looks good," "It sounds interesting" etc, in Japanese, we often use the following structure;
-i adjective
     → without い + そうにみえる
                              (without “i” + sou ni mieru)
                eg. “うれし-い”→ うれし + そうにみえる
                         ureshi-i→ureshi sou ni mieru
                        (You/he/she… look happy.)
-na adjective
     → without な + (そう)にみえる
                              (without “na” + sou ni mieru)
                eg. “フレンドリー-な”→ フレンドリー + (そう)にみえる
                         hurendorī-na→hurendorīsou ni mieru
                        (You/he/she… look friendly.)

※Instead of using "__みえる(mieru)" structure, we can also use "__です(desu)。"

うれし そう に みえますね→うれし そう ですね。You look happy.

(ureshi sou ni miemasu ne)→(ureshi sou desune)

フレンドリーそうにみえますね。→フレンドリーそうですね。You look friendly.

(hurendorī sou ni miemasu ne) → (hurendorī sou desune.)


Grammar Focus 2 : "__はちょっと...(__? Thanks, but no thanks)"

When you want to turn an offer, proposal, or suggestion off, in Japanese, we often use this phrase. The word "ちょっと(chotto)" means "a little" or "a bit." It sounds very soft and indirect. So the message behind it is that the speaker is expecting you to know what he or she means.
  eg. 1 
     A:明日パーティーに来ますか?(Are you coming to the party tomorrow?)
  (ashita pāthī ni kimasuka)
     B: 私はちょっと... (Me, no sorry I can't.)
            watashi wa chotto
  eg. 2
     A: 私一緒にタバコを吸いませんか?
        (Would you like to smoke cigarrette with me?)
    (watashi to issho ni tabako o sui masen ka)
     B: タバコはちょっと... (Cigarette? No, I'll pass.)
        (tabakowa chotto...)
  eg. 3
     A: 私一緒に踊りませんか?(Would you like to dance with me?)
  (watashi to issho ni odori masen ka)
     B: あなたはちょっと... (With you? Oh no, I don't think so.)
      (watashi to wa chotto...)
  eg. 4  (verb in dictionary form) + は ちょっと...
If you use a verb, we need to use the dictionary form + の(no) structure.
     A: 私と結婚しませんか?(Would you like to marry me?)
  (watashi to kekkon shi masen ka)
     B: 結婚するはちょっと... (Marry (you)? Oh no, not marry.)
      (kekkon suru no wa chotto...)

Other Words & Phrases
-暑い (atsui)=hot
-寒い (samui)=cold
-眠い(menui)=sleepy
-忙しい(isogashii)=busy
-嬉しい(ureshii)=happy
-悲しい(kanashii)=sad
-元気な(genki na)=fine, energetic
-貧乏な(binbou na)=poor, not wealthy
-危険な(kiken na)=dangerous
-簡単な(kantan na)=simple, easy, uncomplicated
-卓球をする(takkyuu o suru)=to play table tennis
-旅行をする(ryokou o suru)=to go on a trip
-写真を撮る(shashin o toru)=to take a photograph
-寿司(sushi)=sushi
-ハンバーガー(hanbāgā)=hamburger
-野菜(yasai)=vegetables
-きのこ(kinoko)=mushrooms
-果物(くだもの)=フルーツ(hurūtsu) =fruit
-肉(niku), お肉(oniku)=meat
-ソーセージ(sōsēji)=sausage


Homework: 

Please create at least

1. two short dialogues using the "You/he/she/It looks + adjective" structure,

2. and two more dialogues using "__はちょっと(__ wa chotto)..." structure

and post them below. 

 If you don't know how to say certain expressions in Japanese, please use your dictionary to look them up. Don't be afraid of making mistakes. I mean I make mistakes all the time (^_^). We will check your answers during the next lesson.


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