Lesson 22 1- It became hot!, 2-adverbs

Grammar Point 1 "It has become hot!"


 You know, one good thing about online-lessons is that you only see what my camera captures. So you probably haven't noticed that I have recently gained some weight, have you?

 But the other day, my daughter said to me;

お父さん、最近お腹が大きくなったね。

(おとうさん、さいきん おなか が おおきく なった ね。)

which in formal speech, it will be;

お父さん、最近お腹が大きくなりましたね。

(おとうさん、さいきん おなか が おおきく なりました ね。)

Do you know what it means? It literally means

"Dad, your stomach has become big, hasn't it!"

 Yes, maybe. I will work on it. Anyways, so today, let's practice how to say;

OO have become + adjective/noun.

in Japanese!


i-adjective

 →change "i" to "ku" + なりました。

Let't Try: How do you say "It has become hot." in Japanese?

     ※hint: 暑(あつ)い→暑(あつ)く

 →暑(あつ)くなりました。

na-adjective

 →change "na" to "ni" + なりました。

Let's Try: How do you say "Mitch has recently become crazy." in Japanese?

     ※hint: クレイジーな→クレイジーに

 →ミッチさんは最近(さいきん)クレイジーになりました。

noun

 →noun + に+ なりました。

Let's Try: How do you say "Mitch has become a pig." in Japanese?

     ※pig=豚(ぶた)

 →ミッチさんは豚(ぶた)になりました。



Grammar Point 2 "Adjective → Adverb"


 Do you know what "adjectives" and "adverbs" are?

Adjectives are things like: big, small, cute, crazy, etc. You can use them like

"You are bold." "You are a crazy teacher" etc.

Adverbs are things like: quietly, crazily, beautifully, loudly, boldly, etc. For example,

"I'm boldly cheating on an exam." "You are acting crazily."

 In English, sometimes you can get adverbs by putting "-ly" after adjectives like the examples above. (bold→boldly, crazy→crazily)

 In Japanese, we can also get adverbs from adjectives by changing the ending a little bit.


i-adjective

 →change "i" to "ku"

例 すご(extreme)→すご(extremely)

Let't Try: How do you say "I'm extremely happy." in Japanese?

 →私(わたし)はすごく嬉(うれ)しいです。

na-adjective

 →change "na" to "ni" 

例 セクシーな→セクシーに

Let's Try: How do you say "Teacher Mitch teaches Japanese sexily." in Japanese?

 →ミッチ先生(せんせい)はセクシーに日本語(にほんご)を教(おし)えます。

Sorry, I don't know what that means (^_^;)



Grammar Point 3 "You mustn't study!"


 In Japanese, if you want to express the idea of

"You mustn't __!"

"You can't __!"

"You are not supposed to __!"

we use the following structure;

(verb in te-form) + はいけません!

例:ここで勉強(べんきょう)してはいけません!

(You mustn't study here!)

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

Q1. You mustn't dance here!

 →ここで踊(おど)りを踊(おど)ってはいけません!

Q2. You mustn't drink a banana here!

 →ここでバナナを飲(の)んではいけません!



Additional Stuff

Please be quiet!

 Do you remember how to say "Please be quiet!" in Japanese? We say

"黙(だま)れ!"

(damare!)

 No no no, sorry. That means more like

"Shut up!"

 "Please be quiet" in Japanese is 『静(しず)かにしてください。』which literally means "Please do quietly!"


 So sometimes, the grammatical structure

"Please be + adjectives!" in English

can be expressed

『adverb+してください。』in Japanese.

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

Q1. Please be cute! (literally "Please do cutely!")

 →可愛(かわい)くしてください!

※↑it also means "Please make it cuter." 

Q2. Please make noise! (literally "Please do loudly")

 →うるさくしてください!

Q3. Please be kind! (literally "Please do kindly!") ※kind=親切(しんせつ)な

 →親切(しんせつ)にしてください!



Lesson summery video: (will be available soon)




雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk topic undecided



Words & Phrases that We Might Have Used in Class



Homework: 

1. Using the grammatical structures "OO have become + adjective,"

    -let's create 5 sentences.

2. You know how crazy I can be in class, right? So please tell me five things that I'm not allowed to do in class using "(verb in て form) + はいけません。" so that I won't go overboard.

3. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 5 Kanji, Japanese Chinese characters. 

Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.


To view the translation of words and phrases in English and the answers to the kanji exercise in the video, please use the cursor to highlight here↓ 

Q.1 下(げ)こう の じかん---time to get out of school

Q.2 テレビ を 見(み)る---to watch TV

Q.3 立(りっ)ぱな 人(ひと)---honorable person

Q.4 テーブル の 下(した)---under the table

Q.5 立(た)ちよみ を する---to read a book at a bookstore(without buying it)

Q.6 はな水(みず) が 出(で)る---to have a runny nose

Q.7 下(か)きゅう生(せい)---lower-grade student

Q.8 家(いえ)から だっ出(しゅつ) する---to escape from the house

Q.9 へや に 入(はい)る---to enter the room

Q.10 おへそ を 出(だ)す---to expose one's bellybutton, to show one's belly

Q.11 き立(りつ)する(立ち上がること)---to stand up

Q.12 入学(にゅう がく)する---to enter school

Q.13 OO を 下(くだ)さい。---Give me OO, please!

Q.14 中(なか) に 入(い)れて!---Let me in!

Q.15 こうじょう を 見学(けん がく)する---to take a tour of a factory (for educational purposes)



Words and phrases that

we (might) have used during the lesson:



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