Lesson 22 1- It became hot!, 2-adverbs

Grammar Point 1 "It has become hot!"

 You know, one good thing about online-lessons is that you only see what my camera captures. So you probably haven't noticed that I have recently gained some weight, have you?

 But the other day, my daughter said to me;


(おとうさん、さいきん おなか が おおきく なった ね。)

which in formal speech, it will be;


(おとうさん、さいきん おなか が おおきく なりました ね。)

Do you know what it means? It literally means

"Dad, your stomach has become big, hasn't it!"

 Yes, maybe. I will work on it. Anyways, so today, let's practice how to say;

OO have become + adjective/noun.

in Japanese!


 →change "i" to "ku" + なりました。

Let't Try: How do you say "It has become hot." in Japanese?

     ※hint: 暑(あつ)い→暑(あつ)く



 →change "na" to "ni" + なりました。

Let's Try: How do you say "Mitch has recently become crazy." in Japanese?

     ※hint: クレイジーな→クレイジーに



 →noun + に+ なりました。

Let's Try: How do you say "Mitch has become a pig." in Japanese?



Grammar Point 2 "Adjective → Adverb"

 Do you know what "adjectives" and "adverbs" are?

Adjectives are things like: big, small, cute, crazy, etc. You can use them like

"You are bold." "You are a crazy teacher" etc.

Adverbs are things like: quietly, crazily, beautifully, loudly, boldly, etc. For example,

"I'm boldly cheating on an exam." "You are acting crazily."

 In English, sometimes you can get adverbs by putting "-ly" after adjectives like the examples above. (bold→boldly, crazy→crazily)

 In Japanese, we can also get adverbs from adjectives by changing the ending a little bit.


 →change "i" to "ku"

例 すご(extreme)→すご(extremely)

Let't Try: How do you say "I'm extremely happy." in Japanese?



 →change "na" to "ni" 

例 セクシーな→セクシーに

Let's Try: How do you say "Teacher Mitch teaches Japanese sexily." in Japanese?


Sorry, I don't know what that means (^_^;)

Grammar Point 3 "You mustn't study!"

 In Japanese, if you want to express the idea of

"You mustn't __!"

"You can't __!"

"You are not supposed to __!"

we use the following structure;

(verb in te-form) + はいけません!


(You mustn't study here!)

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

Q1. You mustn't dance here!


Q2. You mustn't drink a banana here!


Additional Stuff

Please be quiet!

 Do you remember how to say "Please be quiet!" in Japanese? We say



 No no no, sorry. That means more like

"Shut up!"

 "Please be quiet" in Japanese is 『静(しず)かにしてください。』which literally means "Please do quietly!"

 So sometimes, the grammatical structure

"Please be + adjectives!" in English

can be expressed

『adverb+してください。』in Japanese.

Let's Try! (If you highlight the part next to "→" with your cursor, you'll see an example answer.)

Q1. Please be cute! (literally "Please do cutely!")


※↑it also means "Please make it cuter." 

Q2. Please make noise! (literally "Please do loudly")


Q3. Please be kind! (literally "Please do kindly!") ※kind=親切(しんせつ)な


Lesson summery video: (will be available soon)

雑談(zatsudan) Small Talk topic undecided

Words & Phrases that We Might Have Used in Class


1. Using the grammatical structures "OO have become + adjective,"

    -let's create 5 sentences.

2. You know how crazy I can be in class, right? So please tell me five things that I'm not allowed to do in class using "(verb in て form) + はいけません。" so that I won't go overboard.

3. If you are not quite familiar with the Japanese scripts, please watch the following two videos to practice 5 Kanji, Japanese Chinese characters. 

Please turn in your homework in the comment section below↓. We will go over it during the next lesson.

To view the translation of words and phrases in English and the answers to the kanji exercise in the video, please use the cursor to highlight here↓ 

Q.1 下(げ)こう の じかん---time to get out of school

Q.2 テレビ を 見(み)る---to watch TV

Q.3 立(りっ)ぱな 人(ひと)---honorable person

Q.4 テーブル の 下(した)---under the table

Q.5 立(た)ちよみ を する---to read a book at a bookstore(without buying it)

Q.6 はな水(みず) が 出(で)る---to have a runny nose

Q.7 下(か)きゅう生(せい)---lower-grade student

Q.8 家(いえ)から だっ出(しゅつ) する---to escape from the house

Q.9 へや に 入(はい)る---to enter the room

Q.10 おへそ を 出(だ)す---to expose one's bellybutton, to show one's belly

Q.11 き立(りつ)する(立ち上がること)---to stand up

Q.12 入学(にゅう がく)する---to enter school

Q.13 OO を 下(くだ)さい。---Give me OO, please!

Q.14 中(なか) に 入(い)れて!---Let me in!

Q.15 こうじょう を 見学(けん がく)する---to take a tour of a factory (for educational purposes)

Words and phrases that

we (might) have used during the lesson:


Anyone can feel free to leave a comment as long as you;


1. 批判はしない。

do not criticize other people or other people's comments

2. 特定の個人やグループを非難・攻撃しない。

do not defame or attack a particular person or group of people

3. 語学学習に関係ないことは書かない。

do not leave comments which have nothing to do with language-learning

4. 個人を特定できる情報(メールアドレス、住所、電話番号など)は書かない。

do not write personal information such as e-mail addresses, home addresses, or telephone numbers.

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